By Myra Miranda Bom (auth.)

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As was also the case with the Hospitallers, female association with the Templars was often the result of an association by a married couple. 13 Rixendis gave her body and soul to the Temple commandery at Pézenas, where she expected to be buried, in 1198 or 1199. 14 Two local confraternity lists of the Templars in Aragon and Navarre reveal that the number of lay brothers and sisters apparent from the donation charters may only be a fraction of the actual number of lay associates. The two lists together show that the Templars recognized at least 520 persons in their confraternity in the period between 1135 and c.

26 Grimald of Sales and his wife, Aiglina, gave notice in a charter that “both of us, at the same time, have been received . . 33 Some of the thirteenth-century female Templars had considerable inf luence in the commandery they had joined. 36 A unique instance of female association is the incorporation of a Cistercian convent in Mühlen in the diocese of Worms into the Templar order in 1260. The Templar convent had license to accept up to twenty WO M E N I N M I L I TA RY O R D E R S 27 women.

The Hospitallers, on the other hand, saw themselves serving God through showing love for their neighbors and in particular those in need. While they took up arms, the Hospitallers never abandoned their hospitaller mission and, like hospitals, did not turn down female membership. 63 These organizations took on the Hospitaller rule when regulating their hospitaller mission and the Templar rule when regulating their military organizations. As a result, their attitude toward accepting women was as mixed as the traditions in their rule.

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