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Extra resources for Wind power for the world: the rise of modern wind energy
Their first prototypes were on the conservative side, because reliability was the most important selling point rather than the future promise of cost reduction of advanced systems. Later innovations were introduced which were different from the first generation machines. The most spectacular improvements included the introduction power electronic convertors which increased the controllability of turbines significantly. These conversion systems combined with blade pitch control and advanced multi-parameter control strategies made the modern machines compatible with the grid requirements.
From 1989 to 2005, he was head of the Renewable Energy Unit and the Wind Energy Unit of the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), and he is still attached to ECNs wind energy unit as a senior scientist. Dr Beurskens is member of the board of trustees of the Windunie, a co-operative enterprise of Dutch farmers operating about 440 MW of wind power on a private basis. He was the technical and scientific advisor to the European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) and was a member of the scientific advisory board of the former Institute for Solar Energy Technology (ISET) of Kassel, Germany (at present part of the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft).
Corrective maintenance has to be substituted by preventive maintenance in order to decrease O&M cost. To this end conditioning monitoring techniques have to be developed to determine the life time consumption of critical components for condition based maintenance. Other topics like a “flight leader system”, access technology and dedicated logistics all need to be improved or developed in association with efficient O&M systems. 5 International Networks The fact that wind energy technology knowledge base is still coherent, up to date and accessible, is not so much due to direct government actions but more due to the degree of self-organisation of the scientific world and to the intense contacts between the research community and the industry, facilitated by the EC.