By April M. S. McMahon

How and why do language alterations commence; how and why do they unfold; and the way can they eventually be defined? This new textbook units out to reply to those questions in a transparent and priceless means that may be obtainable to all scholars with purely an easy wisdom of linguistics. within the first half the booklet Dr. McMahon analyzes alterations from each sector of grammar. within the moment she appears at such subject matters as language touch, linguistic edition, pidgins and Creoles, and language loss of life. all through, the dialogue is illustrated by means of a wealth of examples from English and different languages.

Show description

Read or Download Understanding Language Change PDF

Similar language & grammar books

Basic Concepts and Models for Interpreter and Translator Training: Revised edition (Benjamins Translation Library)

Easy innovations and types for Interpreter and Translator education is a systematically corrected, better and up to date avatar of a booklet (1995) that's general in T & I education programmes around the world and extensively quoted within the foreign Translation stories group. It offers readers with the conceptual bases required to appreciate either the foundations and recurrent matters and problems in specialist translation and studying, guiding them alongside from an advent to basic conversation concerns in translation to a dialogue of the usefulness of study approximately Translation, t.

The Phonology of Coronals

This examine investigates the phonological habit of coronal consonants, i. e. sounds produced with the end or blade of the tongue. The research attracts on facts from over a hundred and twenty languages and dialects. A definition of coronality is proposed that rejects the present view maintaining that palatals are certainly marked for this selection.

Deutsche Sprachlehre Fur Ausländer Grundstufe

Deutsche Sprachlehre fur Auslander, Grundstufe in einem band [Paperback]

Additional resources for Understanding Language Change

Example text

Bleeding order: 1. v •f 2. v • w In (28a), rule 1 provides cases of/f/ for rule 2 to delete, but in (28b), rule 1 shifts all instances of /v/ to /f/, leaving no /v/s for rule 2 to apply to. Kiparsky argues that, to allow maximal application and thus increased simplicity, rules will tend to be reordered either into feeding order, or out of bleeding order. In the German final devoicing case, we see reordering out of bleeding order. 4 Rule inversion The final type of rule change is rule inversion (Vennemann 1972), which involves the reinterpretation of original surface forms as underlying forms.

Ohala's claims extend to distant dissimilation. For example, Grassmann's Law in Sanskrit de-aspirates the first of two aspirated sounds in a word. Ohala argues that aspiration spread from the two aspirated sounds to intermediate segments, but listeners reinterpreted this spread as emanating from a single, final aspirate, de-aspirating the rest of the word. Ohala's work predicts that, in dissimilation, the first of two similar sounds will generally be the one affected, because assimilation is predominantly anticipatory; and that in cases of distant assimilation, the features affected will be those (like retroflexion, aspiration, and place of articulation features) which tend to spread over adjacent segments by assimilation.

In work of this kind, we see clear forerunners of Neogrammarian ideas. However, most discussion of sound change to date had been unsystematic and atomistic, consisting of a mere cataloguing of changes, or the rather directionless pursuit of individual forms down the branches of the family tree. Only rudimentary explanations, involving the Biblical Tower of Babel story, or the alleged effect of climate, diet or race on language, had been offered - for instance, frication of stops might result from speakers moving into mountainous regions, where the thin air made it harder to catch one's breath and the exertion of running up and down mountains promoted heavy breathing (Meyer 1901).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.00 of 5 – based on 15 votes