By Stephen Wearing
Sharp, attractive, and suitable this book presents a framework for knowing tourism that's subject-centered, dynamic, and able to facing the complexity of latest vacationer cultures. Tourism is tested via a attention of the areas and selves of commute, exploring the cultures of which means, mobilities, and engagement that body and outline the vacationer adventure and vacationer identities. This booklet attracts at the explanatory traditions of sociology, human geography, and tourism reviews to supply valuable insights into the experiential and the lived dimensions of tourism and shuttle.
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Extra info for Tourist Cultures: Identity, Place and the Traveller
It is important to outline the contribution of such typologies to contemporary understandings of the tourist experience, particularly in relation to the interactions of tourists with peoples, places and cultures. Typologies of Experience The seminal works of the sociologist Erik Cohen (1972, 1974, 1979) provided an initial framework for developing a social theory of tourism and for understanding tourist types. Cohen, according to Urry (2002: 8), challenged the idea of a single tourist gaze, maintaining that ‘there is no single tourist as such but a variety of tourist types or modes of tourist experience’.
Tourism, then, can be said to provide a social space for expression and role reinforcement, as well as being a space for learning new roles, ‘playing’ with role identities and for developing individual identities apart from those associated with the family and/or work. There is in tourism the possibility, as Kelly (1983: 94) says of leisure, ‘to be and become ourselves’, to develop ‘multidimensional … personal identities’ in the ongoing process of ‘becoming’ (see also Csikszentmihalyi, 1990). Much tourism can be construed as both personal and social in meaning.
This externalized view of the concept leads to the second approach to authenticity as ‘constructed’, whereby the focus is on tourist perceptions of authenticity and refers to the authenticity that is ‘projected onto toured objects’ (Wang, 2000: 49). In other words, authenticity is the product of social construction. Tourists are seeking ‘signs of authenticity or symbolic authenticity’ (Wang, 2000: 49) at the same time as objects are constructed to appear authentic through images, stereotypes, expectations and power.