By Marc Auge

Diplomatique during this elegantly argued and compelling learn, French anthropologist Marc Aug? maintains his serious exploration of latest modernity with an exam of the position of desires, fable and fiction within the age of satellite tv for pc television and the net - a global within which details overload threatens to colonise us all, and to smash the very genuine differences among truth (the genuine) and fiction (those invented ways that we have now, through the years and in very diverse groups, made feel of our collective id within the face of otherness). Drawing on ethnographic fabric from numerous continents, and particularly his paintings at the impression of colonialism, Aug? demonstrates the symbolic operating of delusion as a resource of creativity in conventional, colonial and modernising societies and considers the implications of the present-day confusion over truth and photo, as fact is 'fictionalised' by means of the onslaught of the mass media. hence, he argues during this strikingly unique and wonderfully written examine, we not just lose our experience of fact - but in addition our skill to create these fictions that have for thus lengthy sustained our collective feel of id.

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12 This spectacular ‘return to sender’, as one might call it, very obviously reveals the extent of the closeness between men and zars and the way in which the myth is fuelled by human history. Leiris raises a final point which seems to me to be very bound up with the question of personality. The question is whether possession in the strict sense may be construed as the result of an action being effected from the outside, of a domination rather than a penetration and inner habitation. After studying the vocabulary of possession, the ethnologist is inclined to think that the first of these hypotheses is very much 48 The War of Dreams the right one.

More precisely, the concern to define the individual as one, which is expressed in relation to the dream, when reference is made to the absolute necessity for the wandering authority to return to the body of the dreamer (even the Pumé shaman insists upon this necessity and recognises the overwhelming role of the travelling pumetho, even while he gives a meaning and attributes a personality to each of his other pumethos), is a concern encountered, in relation to possession, with the insistence upon the specific bond linking the possessing power to the individual who is possessed.

A year before his essay on ‘writers and daydreaming’, Freud had published ‘Delusions and Dreams in Jensen’s Gradiva’, a text in which he stated that the novelist and the practitioner of the psychoanalytic method drew from the same source and worked upon the same object: What is at Stake 53 Our procedure consists in the conscious observation of abnormal mental processes in other people so as to be able to elicit and announce their laws. The author no doubt proceeds differently. 24 Thus the literary work and analysis can be said to proceed from the same object of which the dream is a part.

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