By Walter Pohl, Ian Wood, Helmut Reimitz

Within the strategy of the transformation of the Roman international, the suggestion of frontiers, but in addition their topography replaced. inside of and past the previous Roman empire, new frontiers have been proven. This quantity explores their which means and their impression. 3 contributions talk about Roman frontiers and their notion in overdue antiguity, demonstrating that they weren't easily defence strains, but in addition a foundation for offensive operations, a spotlight in eleborate alternate networks and a way of inner regulate. The frontiers of early medieval kingdoms are the themes of a number of papers, of which suggest theorectial medels for an knowing of the area and frontier, of liminality and centrality, wheras othersanalyse the development, but in addition within the context of conversion and missions. It turns into transparent that the transformation of frontiers was once now not a linear technique during which the imperial frontiers have been deserted and the technique of controlling them declined, and the hot kningdoms progressively controlled to outline their frontiers. particularly, the measure to which keep an eye on used to be validated on liminal events relied on particular situations and can't be generalized.

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11 :2-3; 12:35-36). Reimarus used the extremely consenrative figure of 10,000 wagons, but that allows only one wagon per 300 persons, which would have been absurdly low. Reimarus then went on to ask about the amount of time required for such a large group to exit the country. Taking the figures of three million people, 900,000 animals, and 10,000 wagons, he calculated how long the traveling column would be. Naturally, that would depend on how wide the column was. He estimated fifty people marching abreast (which he thought was too many), with the space of t1uee steps taken up by each row of people.

Fi,-c English miles]. It follows that it would take the amoullI of time that a roung man would require 10 cover 49 MGennan miles,M if he could hold out for that M long a march. Now a \;gorous )'oung man could nOI cO\'cr a MGerman mile in less lhan Ilh houn; therefore, he would need 73~ hours, or 3 complete da)'S plus 1Jh haun to reach the footsteps or camping place of the front of lhe column. I One might argue that on flat ground, the column could be much wider, say a mile in width. If so, the length of the column would be reduced perhaps twenty-fold for the people, though the animals and wagons would probably be reduced only about tenfold.

The debate has been about hislOI)' and about how OUf historical perspectives have changed our perception of the Bible. It is as if we stop being critical and reson lO the fundamentalism of our childhood thal history might not corrupt OUf faith. We close ourselves within the biblical story and avoid all the necessary exegetical and historical questions which might resolve the debate through changes in our understanding of the narrative's context, function and goal. By trying to defend what is called 'the Bible's view of its past', we have ignored the literary questions that give us access to the text's implicit voice expressing that view.

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