By Heike Pichler

Daily language use overflows with discourse-pragmatic beneficial properties. Their frequency, shape and serve as can fluctuate vastly throughout social teams and alter dramatically over the years. And but those positive aspects haven't figured prominently in experiences of language version and alter. The constitution of Discourse-Pragmatic version demonstrates the theoretical insights that may be received into either the constitution of synchronic language version and the interactional mechanisms growing it by means of subjecting discourse-pragmatic positive factors to systematic variationist research. Introducing an cutting edge technique that mixes rules of variationist linguistics, grammaticalisation reviews and dialog research, it explores styles of version within the formal encoding of I DON’T recognize, I DON’T imagine and unfavourable polarity tags in a north-east England interview corpus. audio system strategically make the most the formal variability of those buildings to sign refined which means variations and to index social identities heavily associated with the variables’ and their editions’ useful compartmentalisation within the style. The technique, effects and implications of this research may be of serious curiosity to students operating all through variationist sociolinguistics, grammaticalisation and discourse research.

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Extra info for The Structure of Discourse-Pragmatic Variation

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Through adherence to the “principle of accountability” (Labov 1972: 72), quantitative discourse studies exhaustively report all occurrences of a targeted variable in a given dataset. ) Because this approach generates accounts of discourse-pragmatic variables which are firmly grounded in the complete set of available data, it constitutes a valuable check on any descriptions provided by qualitative studies that are based on (either randomly or carefully) selected subsets of available tokens. For example, Andersen’s (2001: 227–271) accountable analysis of the discourse-pragmatic variable like in the Bergen Corpus of London Teenage Language (henceforth COLT) established that discourse like performs a wide range of subjective, textual and quotative functions, with the former far outnumbering the latter.

This section outlines the main theoretical principles of the variationist paradigm, argues in favour of its extension to the analysis of discourse-pragmatic features provided that the original definition of the linguistic variable is modified accordingly, and describes how the choice process can be reliably modelled with Rbrul. 1 Premises of variationist sociolinguistics The quantitative variationist paradigm originates in the work conducted by Labov (1963, 1966, 1972) on the American east coast in the 1960s and 1970s.

Tagliamonte & D’Arcy’s (2009) study of linguistic innovations in Toronto English also uncovers disparities between patterns of change in phonology and discourse-pragmatics. Although the patterns of be like, like and so variation are analogous with those documented for phonological variables in exhibiting a peak in frequency during adolescence (see above), they do not mirror the patterns reported by Labov (2001) whereby males lag behind females in apparent-time incremental change in phonology. Instead, all three discoursepragmatic variables (as well as a range of morpho-syntactic variables analysed) exhibit a lack of gender contrast in the apparent-time trajectory of change (see also D’Arcy 2005; Denis 2011).

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