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This publication is the 1st special research of the interpretation of the Hebrew verbs of Chronicles into Greek, specially from the point of view of 2 diachronic advancements: that of the Hebrew verbal procedure and that of the rage towards a extra literal translation of the Bible. the interpretation offers a view of the Hebrew verbal method within the Hellenistic interval (approx. one hundred fifty BCE) as a part of the continuum within the improvement of the Hebrew verbal approach from classical biblical Hebrew to Mishnaic Hebrew. the interpretation additionally testifies to the rage within the means of the interpretation of the Bible from the freer (but nonetheless literal) translation of the Pentateuch and Samuel/Kings to the slavishly literal translation of Aquila.

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Extra resources for The Septuagint's Translation of the Hebrew Verbal System in Chronicles

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Model(s) for and Precedents of Translation Although the written translation of the Bible into Greek was probably a pioneering effort, the translators did have some translation precedents already existing in the culture that they could use as models for translation. They had models both in the secular and religious realms. In the secular realm, there were two distinct kinds of texts, legal and commercial texts, and literary texts. Legal and commercial texts were most familiar to members of the community and most frequently translated.

Both Robert H. Gundry, “The Language Milieu of First-Century Palestine: Its Bearing on the Authenticity of the Gospel Tradition,” JBL 83:4 (1964): 404-408, and R. , 22 November 2008) argue for a trilingual (Greek, Hebrew, Aramaic) linguistic environment in Palestine around the time of the New Testament. Randall Buth “Hebrew Poetic Tenses and the Magnificat,” JSNT 21 (1984): 67-83, also believes that the use of Hebrew was much more widespread than previously considered, pointing out that the tense switching of Luke 1-46-47 seems to indicate that the poem was originally constructed in Hebrew, rather than Aramaic and Greek.

Legal and commercial texts were most familiar to members of the community and most frequently translated. 35 Translators of legal and commercial texts followed a more literal, word for word, method of translation. 36 This is a feature of oral translation but also occurs in written texts. , from Greek into Latin) tended to follow a freer, sense for sense, method of translation. The art 33 Cf. a recent article by James K. Aitken, “Rhetoric and Poetry in Greek Ecclesiastes,” BIOSCS 38 (2005): 55-77, in which he discusses the problem of sourceoriented and target-oriented translation, noting Greek literary effects in the translation of Ecclesiastes, which is usually considered to be very literal.

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