By Nicholas Zair

Ebook annotation now not to be had for this title...Title: .The Reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European Laryngeals in Celtic..Author: .Zair, Nicholas..Publisher: .Brill educational Pub..Publication Date: .2012/09/01..Number of Pages: .346..Binding style: .HARDCOVER..Library of Congress: .2012024817

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Additional resources for The Reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European Laryngeals in Celtic

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Ricken ‘tie on’. Schumacher’s hypothesis seems more likely than McCone’s, since it requires less in the way of analogical remodelling. However, the distinction between the two roots reconstructed as *rei̯ĝ- and *rei̯g- is not very sharp. With the exception of OIr. rigid ‘stretches (out), directs, rules’, they could all belong to a single root *rei̯ĝ- ‘stretch, tighten, bind’. We could remove rigid ‘stretches (out), directs, rules’ from this group if we hypothesise that it belongs instead to *h3reĝ- ‘direct in a straight manner, stretch out’, and that *h3r̥ĝ- gave *riĝ- regularly in Proto-Celtic.

Agō ‘drive, lead’, Toch. B āśäṃ ‘lead’, ON. aka ‘travel’ (LIV 255–256). OIr. aiged, MIr. ) ‘face, countenance’ may also come from this root (LEIA A-23–24). §21. *h3eC1. OIr. orcaid ‘kills, slays’, Gaul. ) ‘kill’ < *orge/o-, MW. , with infifxed pronoun) < *tu-ambi-orge/o-, MW. ) ‘batter’ < *tu-kom-orge/o-, and OB. treorgam gl. perforo < *tri-orge/o- < *h3erg- are cognate with Hitt. h̬ arakzi ‘perishes, dies’, Arm. 1 Delamarre’s (2003: 244) derivation from a root *per(g)- assumes a root enlargement *-g- of uncertain origin (see also LIV 473); he does not explain the o-grade in the Celtic verb.

LEIA compares Skt. vádati ‘raises the voice, speaks’, Gk. ἀυδή ‘voice, speech’ < *h2u̯ edH- (fifnal laryngeal on the basis of Skt. 13 Such a reconstruction would imply *h2ud- > *ud- (*au̯ d-tV- would have given x úas). However, variation between au- and u- is more usually the result of u-affection of *-a- (GOI 51–52, 57), so we should probably reconstruct original *assu- for MIr. aus, us, which therefore does not belong here. 2. MIr. fel ‘evil’ is very badly attested (DIL F-70). If it is real, it is cognate with Goth.

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