By Nicholas Zair
Ebook annotation now not to be had for this title...Title: .The Reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European Laryngeals in Celtic..Author: .Zair, Nicholas..Publisher: .Brill educational Pub..Publication Date: .2012/09/01..Number of Pages: .346..Binding style: .HARDCOVER..Library of Congress: .2012024817
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Additional resources for The Reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European Laryngeals in Celtic
Ricken ‘tie on’. Schumacher’s hypothesis seems more likely than McCone’s, since it requires less in the way of analogical remodelling. However, the distinction between the two roots reconstructed as *rei̯ĝ- and *rei̯g- is not very sharp. With the exception of OIr. rigid ‘stretches (out), directs, rules’, they could all belong to a single root *rei̯ĝ- ‘stretch, tighten, bind’. We could remove rigid ‘stretches (out), directs, rules’ from this group if we hypothesise that it belongs instead to *h3reĝ- ‘direct in a straight manner, stretch out’, and that *h3r̥ĝ- gave *riĝ- regularly in Proto-Celtic.
Agō ‘drive, lead’, Toch. B āśäṃ ‘lead’, ON. aka ‘travel’ (LIV 255–256). OIr. aiged, MIr. ) ‘face, countenance’ may also come from this root (LEIA A-23–24). §21. *h3eC1. OIr. orcaid ‘kills, slays’, Gaul. ) ‘kill’ < *orge/o-, MW. , with infifxed pronoun) < *tu-ambi-orge/o-, MW. ) ‘batter’ < *tu-kom-orge/o-, and OB. treorgam gl. perforo < *tri-orge/o- < *h3erg- are cognate with Hitt. h̬ arakzi ‘perishes, dies’, Arm. 1 Delamarre’s (2003: 244) derivation from a root *per(g)- assumes a root enlargement *-g- of uncertain origin (see also LIV 473); he does not explain the o-grade in the Celtic verb.
LEIA compares Skt. vádati ‘raises the voice, speaks’, Gk. ἀυδή ‘voice, speech’ < *h2u̯ edH- (fifnal laryngeal on the basis of Skt. 13 Such a reconstruction would imply *h2ud- > *ud- (*au̯ d-tV- would have given x úas). However, variation between au- and u- is more usually the result of u-affection of *-a- (GOI 51–52, 57), so we should probably reconstruct original *assu- for MIr. aus, us, which therefore does not belong here. 2. MIr. fel ‘evil’ is very badly attested (DIL F-70). If it is real, it is cognate with Goth.