By Kristjan Arnason

This ebook provides a entire, contrastive account of the phonological buildings and features of Icelandic and Faroese. it really is written for Nordic linguists and theoretical phonologists drawn to what the languages exhibit approximately phonological constitution and phonological switch and the relation among morphology, phonology, and phonetics. The booklet is split into 5 components. within the first Professor Arnason presents the theoretical and old context of his research. Icelandic and Faroese originate from the West-Scandinavian or Norse spoken in Norway, Iceland and a part of the Scottish Isles on the finish of the Viking Age. the trendy spoken languages are slightly intelligible to one another and, regardless of many universal phonological features, show variations that elevate questions on their historic and structural relation and approximately phonological switch extra more often than not. Separate components are dedicated to synchronic research of the sounds of the languages, their phonological oppositions, syllabic constitution and phonotactics, lexical morphophonemics, rhythmic constitution, intonation and postlexical version. The e-book attracts at the author's and others' released paintings and provides the result of unique examine in Faroese and Icelandic phonology.

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It is interesting to note that Faroese diphthongizes the ‘pure vowels’ /iː/ and /uː/ in words like sı´la ‘to sieve’, MF [sʊiːla] and s ula ‘a pillar’ [suuːla]. This may seem to contradict the hypothesis hinted at on p. 4, p. 2 that diphthongization is motivated by fission in mixed vowel colours. But there is more to this than meets the eye, since before the diphthongization some other things occurred in the Faroese system, which make the diphthongization in MF ´ı s [ʊiːs] and h us [huuːs] look more plausible.

Were thus metrically or prosodically ambivalent, depending on the environment. 6) a. ok o˛ll ginnheilo˛g goð ‘and all very saint gods’ (Lokasenna, 11,3) b. 7) a. sem ‘fate which’ b. n o(k) ‘friend and’ Thus in final monosyllables the following consonant was moraic or prosodically active, to satisfy a constraint of Foot-Binarity, that is that every stress foot had to have at least two morae. 2 OVERLONG (SUPERHEAVY) SYLLABLES AND THEIR DEVELOPMENT Some questions arise regarding the analysis of overlong syllables (also called ‘superheavy’ or hypercharacterized, cf.

19) OI veðrið ‘the weather’ lo˛gðu ‘they laid’ MI veðrið [veðrɪθ] lo¨gðu [lœɣðY]/[lœkðY] MF veðrið [vekri]15 løgdu [lœktʊ] ‘laid’16 A notable difference between Icelandic and Faroese is in the development of the labial fricative before /l/. In Icelandic, both the velar and the labial fricative have become stops, as in tafl [thapl] ‘chess’ and sigla [sɪkla] ‘to sail’, but in Faroese, occlusion only ˚ takes place in the case of the velar, that is in sigla [sikla] ‘to sail’ and nagli [nakli] ‘nail’.

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