By P M Suski
This ebook provides precise characters of jap speech sounds in connection with ecu speech sounds. whilst it used to be first released in 1931, it used to be the 1st e-book of its type. There are just five eastern vowel components instead of 18 in English, thirteen in French and eight in German. There are 15 jap consonants, 26 in English, 22 in French & 23 in German. as a result of lesser variety of parts, it follows that the broader variety in vowels and consonants is heard by way of jap ears, so this quantity supplies commonplace sounds uttered by means of jap within the 20th century relating to the English sounds.
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Additional resources for The phonetics of Japanese language : with reference to Japanese script
This is made possible by the fact act that in uttering the Japanese final n the tongue does not touch the roof of mouth. Examples: ten te-n in 2 units sen-oh se-n-o-o in 4 units ken-i ke-n-i in 3 units Japanese final n is pronounced only when it precedes s, z, h, y or w, or when it ends a word. In other instances, variations from regular sound occur as follows: 1. Like ng in sing when before k or g. 2. Like English n when before ch, ts, t, d, n, r, all of which require contact of tongue with roof of mouth.
The “on” or sounds supposed to have been taught from Chinese became simplified and the Japanese at present distinguishes 304 different sounds while Chinese of today have 522 sounds. Japan abolished the “shing” by which Chinese distinguishes fine shades of sounds and intonations. Japanese attached new meanings to some characters. Some new characters were also made by Japanese. Japan also learned various styles of writing. Japanese did not adopt Chinese grammar except to compose classical Chinese sentences.
Yukichi Fukuzawa, the founder of Keio Gijuku, the forerunner of the present Keio University, who wrote a book describing his tour of Europe and America is responsible for or a great many of these new terms. It can be safely said that the words used by Japanese today in writing and conversation are mostly those which were created during Meiji era. Examples of Meiji Words Chinese people would not readily understand the meaning of these new Japanese terms, although they understand the meaning of component characters individually.