By M.C.F. Proctor, Peter F. Yeo, Andrew Lack

The significance of bugs in pollinating vegetation is at the present time so renowned, possible disregard that it used to be came upon under 2 hundred years in the past. ahead of that, it used to be believed that the worry of bees with flora was once easily an issue of accumulating honey. The tools through which pollen reaches the feminine flower, allowing fertilization and seed creation to ensue, contain probably the most different and interesting mechanisms within the flora and fauna. This advisor describes the entire methods pollination is effected - through wind, w even bats - yet largely in lots of marvelous methods through a range of insect species.

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Extra resources for The Natural History of Pollination

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As time went on, other agents of pollination – wind, water, birds and bats – were found to play a part. One of the main reasons for the enduring appeal of the flower-insect relationship must be that it is so fundamentally one in which both partners benefit. In our present go-getting age we can sometimes be more conscious of how the partners exploit one-another’s services (and indeed there are some examples of very one-sided exploitation between flowers and their visitors). But in some ways this only adds to its appeal, and to the intellectual challenge of elucidating how the flower-pollinator relation has come into being, and how it is maintained in the competitive world of natural selection.

The theory had champions whose influence carried great weight even though they added little new evidence, notably Sebastien Vaillant (1669–1722), whose Discours sur la Structure des Fleurs appeared in 1718, and that most influential of eighteenth-century botanists, Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778). In England, the account of the generation of plants in Patrick Blair’s Botanick Essays (1720), which quotes Grew, Ray, Camerarius, Vaillant and Bradley, and which was reproduced in Miller’s Gardener’s Dictionary, was widely read.

Kugler’s Einführung in der Blütenökologie (1955a), F. D. Meeuse’s The Story of Pollination (1961), Mary Percival’s Floral Biology (1965), Faegri & van der Pijl’s The Principles of Pollination Ecology (1966), and our own The Pollination of Flowers (1973). Later, Meeuse & Morris’s attractive and popular book The Sex Life of Flowers (1984) took full advantage of post-war advances in photography and colour reproduction in its beautiful illustrations. Pollination takes place in an environment populated by many species of plants and animals, competing, coexisting or interdependent.

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