By Olga Fischer

This quantity bargains a variety of papers on iconicity in language and literature. They care for semiotic, linguistic and literary concept but additionally case stories of ways iconicity works on all degrees of language (phonetic, graphemic, syntactic, and lexical).

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Extra info for The Motivated sign: iconicity in language and literature 2

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But the much stronger thesis has also been put forward that iconicity is the very essence of litemture. The origins of this thesis are in the ancient theory of litemry mimesis. Literature should be like a mirror that faithfully depicts the structures of the world. said Socmtes in Plato's Republic (X. 596). and Horace compared poetic mimesis to painting in his Arspoetica (361). Lessing. in 1769. wrote: ''Poetry must necessarily seek to mise its signs from arbitmry to natural ones [ ... The means by which it achieves it are the sounds of the words.

Which occurs in verbal repetition or more generally in symmetries in language and discourse. as we will see below. I have called the first principle exophoric and the second principle endophoric iconicity (NOth 199Gb). ophoric reminds us that the verbal sign relates to something beyond language. while the term endophoric has to do with relations of reference within language. ; 'representational' and the Iauer as 'intrasystemic'. The terms chosen by Johansen are unfortunate for two reasons. One is that the distinction between exophoric and endophoric iconicity differentiates between two modes of reference and not between degrees of iconicity.

WHITE or iconic sentence structure, where such a differentiated notion of semiosis would be of little help. But in the case of the mise e11 ab,\·me, we have already seen occasions on which it is pertinent. Willie's City of the World model may not represent a reality and hence has no (dynamical) object. e. "ertain literary contexts this process of semiosis can become extremely significant. Jean Paurs self-duplicating inn sign foregrounds a process of duplication. ). By the same token. the model within a model may create one obvious interpretant (the hidden smaller version which we cannot see).

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