By Irving Jacobs

Midrash is the oldest identified kind of Bible interpretation. It used to be the ability wherein the early academics of Judaism made the Bible intelligible to their congregants within the historic synagogues of the Holy Land, and suitable to their day-by-day lives. To the trendy reader, notwithstanding, their method of the Bible seems to be haphazard, with none regard for its undeniable which means as we know it at the present time. How then did the rabbis comprehend the Bible, and what did they understand it to be? those, in addition to different questions, are responded within the e-book.

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Extra info for The Midrashic Process: Tradition and Interpretation in Rabbinic Judaism

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24 While the structure of the proem is regular and easily recognisable, its precise function is a matter of scholarly debate. However, whether we regard it as a prelude to the weekly lection from the Torah, or as an introduction to the rabbi's exposition of the seder on the Sabbath afternoon,25 its provenance was the synagogue rather than schoolhouse and was intended primarily for a popular rather than a scholarly audience. The 'popular' origin of much the material in Genesis Rabbah is further indicated by the extensive use of Palestinian - or Galilean - Aramaic, which constitutes the major linguistic difference between the halakhic and post-talmudic midrashim.

17; also S. Lowy, 'The Extent ofJewish Polygamy in Talmudic Times', JJS vol. 9, pp. 1 i5ff. Downloaded from University Publishing Online. 251 on Fri Jan 27 12:00:10 GMT 2012. 41 The Amora, R. Eleazar b. Pedath, found an allusion to these malevolent practices in verse 13:42 R. : "These are of them that rebel against the light"). However, do not read, I I S m i » 3 , but, 11X i 'TTl»3 {viz. ' One further, recurring theme in talmudic-midrashic sources which has been associated almost exclusively with two verses from Job, 6:17 and 22:20, is the punishment of the Generation of the Flood by fire.

If one of them possessed a field and his friend had the adjacent field, he would steal from the boundary little by little, until he had appropriated the entire field, as it is said, 'They remove land-marks (v. ' Similarly, if a poor orphan their might quarrelling (= D^m) [with the poor]' - this refers to the oppressors. Thus both the oppressed and the oppressors were quarrelling with each other, the former with the latter on account of their violence in money matters, and the latter with the former on account of their violence in speech, until their fate was sealed!

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