By Professor of Land Studies John McLaughlin

The marzeah existed for 3000 years within the Semitic international, yet is simply pointed out within the First testomony at Amos 6:7 and Jer 16:5. different prophetic texts were proposed as allusions that don't use the time period, yet with no utilizing any constant standards. This examine analyzes these allusions in gentle of the extra-biblical references. The extra-biblical marzeah references point out 3 constant beneficial properties: upper-class consuming inside of a non secular context. those components give you the minimal standards for comparing attainable allusions within the books of Amos, Hosea, Isaiah and Ezekiel, plus the direct references at Amos 6:7 and Jeremiah 16:5. Combining all recognized references with the biblical allusions offers a unmarried aspect of reference for destiny paintings at the marzeah. This quantity can be of precise price to these attracted to historic Semitic faith.

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Additional resources for The Marzēaḥ in the Prophetic Literature: References and Allusions in Light of the Extra-Biblical Evidence (Supplements to Vetus Testamentum)

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J . Cathcart, "Ilu, Yarihu and the One with the Two Horns and a Tail," IJgarit, Religion and Culture: Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Ugarit, Religion and Culture: Edinburgh, July 1994. Essays Presented in Honour of Professor‫־‬JohnC. L. Gibson (UBL 12; eds. N. Wyatt, W. (J. E. Watson and J . B. Lloyd; Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 1996) 5 [compare in n. 71 below]; Wyatt, Religious Texts, 409n3I. In contrast, the second half of the poetic line is left blank in Lewis, "El's Divine Feast," 195.

Yän (21 ) b hrih . w tnth . ql . il . mt (22) il . k yrdm . ars . 'ni (23) w 'ttrt . /ídn . šxxd/1t (24") qdš . b' 1[ ] El sat in his marzêah. El drank wine to satiety, New wine to drunkenness. El went to his house, He stumbled to his court. Thukamuna and Shunama supported him. The "creeper"(>,> approached him, The one having two horns and a tail. He floundered'" in his (own) feces and urine, El collapsed like the dead, El was like those who descend to the underworld. Anat and Athtart went hunting.

First, it is consistent with the marzêah's nature as reflected in other texts. Second, it helps to determine the function of the η in ibsn. C o m m e n t a t o r s generally view this as an(other) example where an Ugaritic substantive has an afFormative -n but the Hebrew cognate does not. " 5 3 This leads to the third point, namely that such a rendering fits the overall context of the tablet. S a m ū m ā n u has provided a r o o m for a marzêah. If this was merely a storage place, then S a m ū m ā n u functions simply as a landlord, and there is no sufficient reason why he should be named as the marzêah leader (lines 11-12).

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