By N.E. Collinge

This e-book collects all of the named legislation of Indo-European, provides every one in its unique shape and intent after which offers an overview of all significant assaults, revisions and exploitations, besides an entire bibliography and index. whole – thorough – exhaustive.

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Example text

If anything is clear from these excursions it is that much more work is needed on Caland roots in order to clarify the morphological processes. Are they language-specific? Is the -i- formant the basic, common suffIX? What role does nasal reshaping play? Has the central-marginal distinction any validity? Hamp has recently (1983) suggested a 'morphological law' , in the shape of a complex regularity in language-specific replacements of PIE formant-suffixes; if this is so, we are not dealing with cognate lexemes, and the alternants go well beyond Caland's - so PIE +u gives way to Toch.

3), and Uhlenbeck (1898: 54-56). Most added fresh evidence; the last-named chose good examples. Fick and Hubschmann approved (on them see Fortunatov 1900: 3). ; ghii{ii-, 82-83; pithara-, 85-86), and regards the aberrant type mardhati « *maldh-), jartu- as 'dialectal' (106). On balance, but only on balance, he accepts the law (109). Finally, in 1927, Hirt could not find that the law had been disproved (cf. 489); and he gave it the sanctuary, and sanctity, of a paragraph in his Indo-European grammar (1927: 205, § 174), with nineteen exampla.

Bloomfield (1897:56) was scornful about the 'repeatedly announced demise' of the law. Current belief seems to be with him. Debrunner (1957:8), like Buck (1917 passim) for an earlier epoch, lines up the warriors in the battle. By 1957, they amount to those mentioned fully above and below, and (less crucially) Bartholomae, Fay, Hiibschmann, Kronasser, Meillet, Pisani, Thumb, Uhlenbeck, Wiist, and Zubaty (with references). As to the sufficiency of the open syllable condition, forms like pad-ii (quite apart from the £pas- type) put it always at risk.

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