By Bergsma, J.S.

Starting with the old origins of the jubilee in historic Israel, this booklet lines the reinterpretation of the jubilee in the course of the previous testomony, moment Temple literature, and Qumran records, demonstrating a bent towards eschatological re-readings with the passage of time.

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Additional resources for The Jubilee from Leviticus to Qumran: A History of Interpretation (Supplements to Vetus Testamentum)

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53 Émile Puech, La croyance des Esséniens en la vie future: Immortalité, résurrection, vie éternelle? (EBib 22; Paris: Gabalda, 1993); “Notes sur le manuscrit de XIQMelkîsédeq,” RevQ 12 (1987): 483–513. 54 VanderKam, “Sabbatical Chronologies,” 169–76. 16 chapter one judgment will take place at the end of ten jubilees (490 years). e. 3. 55 Rather, the approach of this study will be eclectic, using whatever biblical-critical methodologies seem most appropriate and useful for elucidating the particular jubilee texts.

Beckwith makes a similar but not identical argument, using Qumran chronology to place the birth of Christ in an eschatological “tenth jubilee,”46 while Margaret Barker places the beginning of Christ’s ministry in that same 41 Michael A. Fishbane, Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel (New York: Oxford University Press, 1985): 458–533. 42 Devorah Dimant, “The Seventy Weeks Chronology (Dan 9,24–27) in Light of New Qumranic Texts,” in The Book of Daniel in the Light of New Findings (ed. A. S. van der Woude, BETL 106; Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1993): 57–76.

39 The generation of the exile is, according to Johnstone’s reading of Chronicles, the fiftieth or “jubilee” generation from Adam. It is this jubilee generation which receives the “jubilee” proclamation of Cyrus in 2 Chron 36:20–23, authorizing freedom from exile, return to the ancestral land, and cultic renewal. Daniel 9:24–27—the famous prophecy of “seventy weeks of years” for Israel and Jerusalem—seems indebted to Jeremiah’s prophecies ( Jer 25, 29) and 2 Chron 36:20–23, and considerable scholarship has been expended in the attempt to make sense of it.

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