By Patrick Peebles

Sri Lanka—an island state positioned within the Indian Ocean— has a inhabitants of roughly 19 million. regardless of its diminuative measurement, notwithstanding, Sri Lanka has an extended and complicated background. the variety of its humans has resulted in ethnic, spiritual, and political conflicts that live on. Peebles describes the reviews of the rustic, from its earliest settlers, to civil conflict, to its present country, permitting readers to raised comprehend this frequently misunderstood country.With an emphasis at the twentieth century, chapters talk about the economic climate, faith, tradition, and executive of Sri Lanka. A timeline outlines key occasions in Sri Lankan heritage, in addition to biographies of extraordinary humans, and a bibliographic essay.

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Inscriptions suggest that no serious rivals challenged Ancient Civilization to 1200 19 Vasabha’s authority throughout the island. His successors occasionally fought wars of succession and resisted raids from the rising kingdoms in south India, but the island seems to have been relatively peaceful and prosperous for nearly four centuries. The Lambakanna rulers constructed reservoirs and irrigation canals throughout the Dry Zone, which developed into one of the wonders of the ancient world. The Chinese Buddhist pilgrim Fa-Hien lived two years in Sri Lanka around the years 411–413 .

Sarachchandra, late in his life, deplored the commercialization of art, but access to sponsors, audiences, galleries, and theaters have made it possible for creative young artists to thrive (and for more audiences to have access to drama, including Sarachchandra’s plays through the new medium of television). The theme of protest in the arts is most visible in the theater, particularly the ideologically charged street theater. Cricket has been played in Sri Lanka since 1832, and it has become the national sport Many Lankans have earned international recognition, and the national team brightened the otherwise dismal year of 1996 by winning the Cricket World Cup.

In 1164 Para¯kramaba¯hu convened a council of bhikkhus at which the monastic orders were merged under the name of Maha¯viha¯ra and were put under the control of a bhikkhu appointed by the king. Nissanka Malla said that the ruler of Sri Lanka should be a Buddhist, but he also said that the ruler should be a Kshatriya, which could exclude Lankan Buddhists. 24 The History of Sri Lanka IRRIGATION SYSTEM The kingdom supported a growing population, and this population increasingly depended on the central management of irrigation.

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