By Christopher Upward

The background of English Spelling finds the historical past of contemporary English spelling, tracing its origins and improvement from previous English as much as the current day.

  • Includes a wealth of data and information on English spelling no longer to be had anyplace else
  • Features a complementary web site with extra material at
  • Includes targeted insurance of the contributions from French, Latin, Greek - and the various different languages - to our present orthography
  • Serves as a spouse quantity to Geoffrey Hughes's A historical past of English Words within the related series

Chapter 1 creation and assessment (pages 1–13):
Chapter 2 England and English from the Romans to the Vikings (pages 14–32):
Chapter three The previous English Roots of contemporary English Spelling (pages 33–64):
Chapter four The Decline and Revival of English within the heart English interval (pages 65–85):
Chapter five The Franco?Latin point (pages 86–172):
Chapter 6 a few Sound and Spelling advancements in center and sleek English (pages 173–193):
Chapter 7 The Greek Contribution (pages 194–227):
Chapter eight The unique enter (pages 228–292):
Chapter nine Reformers, Lexicographers and the Parting of the methods (pages 293–314):

Show description

Read or Download The History of English Spelling PDF

Similar language & grammar books

Basic Concepts and Models for Interpreter and Translator Training: Revised edition (Benjamins Translation Library)

Simple strategies and types for Interpreter and Translator education is a systematically corrected, more advantageous and up to date avatar of a ebook (1995) that's regularly occurring in T & I education programmes around the globe and largely quoted within the overseas Translation reviews group. It presents readers with the conceptual bases required to appreciate either the rules and recurrent concerns and problems in expert translation and analyzing, guiding them alongside from an advent to primary communique concerns in translation to a dialogue of the usefulness of study approximately Translation, t.

The Phonology of Coronals

This examine investigates the phonological habit of coronal consonants, i. e. sounds produced with the end or blade of the tongue. The research attracts on information from over a hundred and twenty languages and dialects. A definition of coronality is proposed that rejects the present view preserving that palatals are definitely marked for this selection.

Deutsche Sprachlehre Fur Ausländer Grundstufe

Deutsche Sprachlehre fur Auslander, Grundstufe in einem band [Paperback]

Additional info for The History of English Spelling

Example text

ModE - with the vowel /q/ derives from OE -: cildhad ‘childhood’. g. loath/ loth from la2. In compounds, ModE  has a short value: bonfire not *bonefire, holiday not *holyday (see p. 40). The OE  is preserved in tadpole (not *toadpoll ). ° • • Æ OE  had short and long sound values. • The letter  and its sound may occur as mutations (that is, alterations in quality caused by a following vowel) of  in different forms of the same word in OE, depending on the following sound: dæL ‘day’, plural daLas ‘days’; habban ‘to have’, hæfde ‘had’.

Viewed from the perspective of Modern English, the Scandinavian word-stock has integrated almost indistinguishably into the spelling patterns of English as a whole: compare, for example, window (< Old Norse vindauga ‘wind-eye’) and widow (< Old English widewe); similarly, Scandinavian-derived cast beside Old English last, take beside make, (boat)swain beside rain. • Most Scandinavian-derived words in Modern English are simple monosyllables with unremarkable spellings representing their pronunciation in a predictable way: bait, bark (of a tree), bask, bloom, boon, brink, call, clip, crawl, crook, cut, die, dirt, down ‘feathers’, droop, flat, flit, fog, gait, gap, gasp, gust, hit, ill, lift, link, loan, loose, muck, odd, rid, sly, snub, sprint, stab, stack, swirl, till, trust, want, wing.

Short  in OE could also lead to other vowels in ModE: , as in beran ‘to bear’, tredan ‘to tread’, and /ij/ spelt  in bicJe2an ‘to bequeath’, etan ‘to eat’, mete ‘meat’, Jefan ‘to weave’. ModE /ij/ spelt : feld ‘field’, Leldan ‘to yield’. Further variations are seen in secLan ‘to say’, JeL ‘way’. • The contrasting long/short vowels in the ModE pair break/breakfast represent a recurrent pattern, whereby an OE-derived word (in this case brecan ‘break’) appears with a short vowel in the first element of a compound, although the ModE base form has a long vowel.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.80 of 5 – based on 40 votes