By John F. Riddick

This booklet is a background of British India from 1599 to 1947. it's divided into 3 elements addressing political background, topical stories, and a suite of 4 hundred biographies of noteworthy English women and men who performed a task within the construction of British India.

As the Elizabethan period approached its finish, English existence exuded a excessive experience of power and optimism that drove males to the ends of the earth. The trap of wealth within the spices of the East Indies correlated good with English naval strengths. In London, the East India corporation set the nationwide imaginative and prescient of pageant with the Portuguese, Dutch and French whereas in India it built the ports of Madras, Bombay, and Calcutta. Britain ruled India's political panorama for over three hundred years, but within the 20th century, the emergence of Gandhi and his use of civil disobedience shook the British govt to its foundations. via March 1947, Lord Mountbatten had little extra selection than to furnish Indian independence or see it taken by means of Indians themselves.

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3 Nov. 1780. Hyd ar All captured the fort at Arcot. In subsequent engagements. the Britis h fell back on Madras. 11 Dec. 1780. Goddard captured the Maratha fort at Basseln. Nov. 1780. Hastings took several measures to protect Madras. He forwarded a new commander In Sir Eyre Coote (1726-1783) . He sent 550 European troops with an emphasis of the artillery and five battalions of Bengal Native Infantry. 16 Feb. 1781. Major J acob Camac (c. 17441784) defeated Maratha forces of Sindia at Shlvpurl. The defeats as Gwalior and Shivpurl led Sindia to begin negotiations which led to the Treaty of Sa1bai on October 13.

Tipu Sultan surprised and captured Colonel John Bralthwalte and a body of 1700 troops at Tanjore. 1783. Brigadier-General Richard Mathews invaded Mysore capturing Mangalore. In turn as Tipu Sultan took command of the Mysore Army on the death of Hydar Ali. he qUickly captured Mathews and the British force . II Mar. 1784. Lord Macartney negotiated the Treaty of Mangalore which brought an end to the 2 nd Mysore War. The terms Included the mutual restitution of prisoners and conquests. Hastings rejected the agreement as Mysore falled to keep Its terms.

1757. Clive launched a surprise night attack on the army of the Nawab of Bengal which was positioned on the outskirts of Calcutta. Although the attacked failed to accomplish the kidnaping of the Nawab , the estimated 1,300 casualties It caused unsettled the Nawab sufficiently to withdraw his forces. In the face of Clive's insistence, on February 9 the Nawab retreated to Murshidabad and agreed to pay compensation for damages at Calcutta. 14-23 Mar. 1757. The British received word in mid-January that they were again at war with the French in Europe.

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