By U. Knaack, T. Klein

A huge a part of the content material of this e-book is directed in the direction of options and unique principles. it may be regarded as know-how pushed enter and it evokes and demanding situations the marketplace and creates discussions at the foundation of concrete fabric. The frozen fabric and sandwich constructions within the aviation are fascinating issues and proper to the development undefined. Weight and quantity relief are very proper drivers for innovation relating to price keep watch over and sustainability. extremely mild (and inflexible) constructions are although very undesirable preconditions for attaining a enough sound insulation. A deeper knowing of acoustical habit may perhaps create openings for this expertise. expertise will be very inspiring, yet this publication additionally makes a speciality of non technological issues. goods similar to problems with technique and the research of purchaser wishes and calls for, are mentioned. the purpose of this e-book is to make the reader consider challenged to hitch the creativity or to guage personal rules in regards to the destiny as a way to hold the dialogue alive. each contribution is of relevance so long as it clearly helps destiny improvement. Universities have, in fact, a distinct challenge to take the lead in constructing long-term visions and destiny eventualities that allows you to create a fecund soil for breakthroughs for the good thing about the whole development undefined. This booklet is an inspiring instance of simply that.

IOS Press is a global technological know-how, technical and scientific writer of top quality books for teachers, scientists, and execs in all fields.

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Additional info for The Future Envelope 1: A Multidisciplinary Approach - Research in Architectural Engineering Series

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Intercontinental: supersonic aircraft liquid fuels induced drag, wave drag Â'spec V < 150 Regional: wings in ground effect liquid fuels air friction, induced drag Â'spec V < 120 Regional: airships liquid fuels air friction Â'specÂ4 1. Dspec = 0·30 (equal to 30%) means: for 1kg in transport about 3N is needed to overcome resistance. 2. 1 Fire safety 8 Fire, smoke, and toxicity regulaƟŽŶƐĂƐĂƉƉůŝĞĚŝŶŵŽĚĞƌŶĂŝƌĐƌĂŌ interiors. ’’”‘’”‹ƒ–‡ „Ž‡†‹‰ ‘ˆ Ƥ„”‡•ǡ ’‘Ž›‡”• ƒ† ƒ††‹–‹˜‡• ‹’”‘˜‡• Ƥ”‡•ƒˆ‡–›…‘•‹†‡”ƒ„Ž›͜Ǥ –Š‹•™ƒ›‹…”‡ƒ•‡†„—”–Š”‘—‰Š”‡–ƒ”†ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ ˆ—–—”‡ ƒ‹”…”ƒˆ– •–”—…–—”‡• …ƒ „‡ ‡š–‡†‡† –‘ ‘˜‡”…‘‡ –Š‡ …—””‡– ‡˜ƒ…—ƒ–‹‘ ”‡“—‹”‡‡–• –Šƒ– †‘‹ƒ–‡ –Š‡ …ƒ„‹ Žƒ›‘—–ƒ†—„‡”‘ˆ†‘‘”•ǡˆ”‡‡‹‰–Š‡™ƒ›ˆ‘”ƒŽ–‡”ƒ–‹˜‡…ƒ„‹…‘Ƥ‰—”ƒ–‹‘•™‹–ŠƤ”‡”‡•‹•–ƒ–‡˜ƒ…—ƒ–‹‘…‘””‹†‘”•ƒ•…—””‡–Ž›ƒ’’Ž‹‡†‹‘†‡”’—„Ž‹…„—‹Ž†‹‰•Ǥ Ϯ͘ϱ͘ϮtĞŝŐŚƚƌĞĚƵĐƟŽŶ ‡‹‰Š–”‡†—…–‹‘…ƒ„‡ƒ…Š‹‡˜‡†„›–Š‡’”‘’‡”‡š’Ž‘‹–ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡ ‹’”‘˜‡†•’‡…‹Ƥ…ƒ†ƒ‹•‘–”‘’‹…’”‘’‡”–‹‡•ǡƒ†„›–Š‡‹–‡‰”ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ ’ƒ”–• ƒ† –Š‡ ‹–‡‰”ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ ˆ—…–‹‘• –Šƒ– ™‡”‡ ’”‡˜‹‘—•Ž›ˆ—ŽƤŽŽ‡†„›†‹ơ‡”‡–ƒ‹”…”ƒˆ–‡Ž‡‡–•‹–Š‡•–”—…–—”‡Ǥ Ϯ͘ϱ͘ϯWƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶĐŽƐƚƌĞĚƵĐƟŽŶ ƒ„‘—”‹–‡•‹˜‡•Š‹’„—‹Ž†‹‰ƒ—ˆƒ…–—”‹‰–‡…Š‹“—‡•ƒ’’Ž‹‡†‹ –Š‡ƒ••‡„Ž›‘ˆǮ•‡‹Ǧ‘‘…‘“—‡ǯ•–‹ơ‡‡†•Š‡ŽŽ•‹ƒŽ—‹‹—ƒŽŽ‘›•ǡ…ƒ„‡”‡’Žƒ…‡†„›Žƒ„‘—”•ƒ˜‹‰‹†—•–”‹ƒŽŽ›’”‘†—…‡†–‡š–‹Ž‡ •–”—…–—”‡•ǡ ”‡•—Ž–‹‰ ‹ ’—”‡Ž› Ǯ‘‘…‘“—‡ǯ •–”—…–—”‡• ȋŽ‹‡ •—ŽŽ• ƒ†‡‰‰•ȌǤ…‡–Š‡–‡š–‹Ž‡•–”—…–—”‡•ȋ’”‡Ǧˆ‘”•Ȍƒ†ˆ‘ƒ‡†…‘”‡ ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽ•ƒ”‡’‘•‹–‹‘‡†‹‘—Ž†•ǡ‹…Ž—†‹‰ƒŽŽ‹†•‘ˆŽ‘…ƒŽ•–”—…–—”ƒŽ ‡Ž‡‡–• ƒ† ‡˜‡ •›•–‡• ȋˆ”‘ ‡Ž‡…–”‘ƒ‰‡–‹… •Š‹‡Ž†‹‰ –‘•‡•‘”•ǡ‡‡”‰›ƒ††ƒ–ƒ–”ƒ•’‘”–Ȍǡ–Š‡›…ƒ„‡‹’”‡‰ƒ–‡†—•‹‰Ž‘™Ǧ’”‡••—”‡–‡…Š‹“—‡•ǤŠ‡˜ƒ…——„ƒ‰‰‡†•–”—…–—”‡‹•ƤƒŽŽ› …—”‡†–Š”‘—‰ŠŠ‡ƒ–‹‰ǡƒŽ‘•–™‹–Š‘—–‰‡‘‡–”‹…ƒŽƒ†•‹œ‡Ž‹‹–ƒ–‹‘•ǤŠ‡‡™‡›™‘”†•ƒ”‡’ƒ”–•‹–‡‰”ƒ–‹‘ǡ‹–‡‰”ƒ–‹‘‘ˆˆ—…–‹‘•ǡ‡…Šƒ‹…•ƒ†’Š›•‹…•ǡƒ†ˆ”‡‡†‘‹‰‡‘‡–”›™‹–Š‘—–Ž‹‹–ƒ–‹‘•–‘•‹œ‡Ǥ‹ŽŽ–Š‡…—””‡–Ž›ƒ……‡’–‡†…—”‹‰–‡…Š‹“—‡••—…Š ƒ• ƒ—–‘…Žƒ˜‹‰ ‹ ’”‡••—”‹•‡† ‘˜‡• ƒ† ’”‡••—”‹•‡† ”‡•‹ –”ƒ•ˆ‡” ‘—Ž†‹‰ „‡…‘‡ ‘„•‘Ž‡–‡ǫ —”‡Ž› ‘–Ǩ —– –Š‡› ™‹ŽŽ „‡ —•‡† ˆ‘” •–”—…–—”‡•Ž‹‹–‡†‹•‹œ‡ƒ†ƒ‹Ž›—•‡†ˆ‘”•–”—…–—”‡•™‹–Šƒ†‡ƒ†ˆ‘”•’‡…‹Ƥ…‡…Šƒ‹…ƒŽ’‡”ˆ‘”ƒ…‡Ǥ 25 Table 3 dŚĞƐLJƐƚĞŵĞĸĐŝĞŶĐLJŽĨĚŝīĞƌĞŶƚ͚ƐƚĂƚĞŽĨƚŚĞĂƌƚ͛ŵĞƚĂůƚƌĂŶƐƉŽƌƚǀĞŚŝĐůĞƐ State of the art metal transport vehicles Wempty /Wpayload indicative3 Buses  Cars 3 (12)1 8 (27)1 2 Mercedes Benz S-class, 1st edition, value dominated by propulsion and systems weight Subsonic aircraft 4 balanced division of weight fractions3 Supersonic aircraft 122 value dominated by propulsion, systems and fuel weight Intercity trains 102 value dominated by structural weight Global orbit 66 value dominated by fuel weight Lunar orbit 500 value dominated by fuel weight 1.

Gas 2025-future? Hydrogen? 1830-1900 1900-1940 1903-2003 1960-2025? Nuclear? Solar? Centralised electricity distribution &OHDQDQGHI¿FLHQW energy supply, CH4 and H2 Fuel cell? Gas? Bio-fuels? Direct electricity Direct electricity Materials Wood, linen, copper, brass and iron Wood, linen, iron, steel Wood, linen, plywood, iron, steel Wood, plywood, linen, iron, steel, aluminium, polymers Iron, steel, aluminium, polymers, titanium, composites Steel, aluminium, composites City transport Steel, aluminium, titanium, advanced composites, advanced alloys, ceramics Sustainable transport: QHZSRO\PHUVFHUDPLFV¿EUHV Smart cars and buses new New aircraft and train concepts reinforcing materials and improved metals.

Gas 2025-future? Hydrogen? 1830-1900 1900-1940 1903-2003 1960-2025? Nuclear? Solar? Centralised electricity distribution &OHDQDQGHI¿FLHQW energy supply, CH4 and H2 Fuel cell? Gas? Bio-fuels? Direct electricity Direct electricity Materials Wood, linen, copper, brass and iron Wood, linen, iron, steel Wood, linen, plywood, iron, steel Wood, plywood, linen, iron, steel, aluminium, polymers Iron, steel, aluminium, polymers, titanium, composites Steel, aluminium, composites City transport Steel, aluminium, titanium, advanced composites, advanced alloys, ceramics Sustainable transport: QHZSRO\PHUVFHUDPLFV¿EUHV Smart cars and buses new New aircraft and train concepts reinforcing materials and improved metals.

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