By Manfred Krifka, Renate Musan

"The e-book studies at the current nation of the theoretical presentation, empirical research, psycholinguistic points and acquisition of knowledge constitution, and computation. It additionally presents descriptions of the data structural encoding techniques of person languages of alternative varieties. The ebook can be utilized as a textbook acceptable for complicated undergraduate and graduate courses"--Provided by Read more...


The Expression of data Structure

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Obj and Elephant chose a thin cow. a’ baaraa. obj] Now they started the journey. i’, tcĩgi. cl I[pro] “If he is thin, that’s my business. obj When they went, they met some people. ne? elephant eye-poss-2sg-neg-inter “Elephant, don’t you have eyes? a k’itl’e. angry And then Elephant was very angry. si imbo? pc say “Earlier what did I say? a tl’ape. pc hit raised it up to hit Baboon. a haagkits’i. sbj] But Baboon jumped and sat on Elephant’s back. i, X’ox’a. pc baboon “You defeated me, Baboon. si tci-adiisĩ dto.

Pc say Now Donkey spoke thus, (13) “Urisĩ hinamse. pc] thank “Thanks very much. ” Information structure marking in Sandawe texts (15) Swe aa ncingkaa. ways Now they went (their) separate ways. gkwe. obj] Now as for Donkey, his whole body broke out in sores. wa gkalee˜. away-mult appearance[sp] and the colour came off. a kwa. pc return and Donkey returned home. a tcheegki. finished And the story finishes there. Topic and focus fields in Naki* Jeff Good University at Buffalo Naki, a mostly undescribed Bantoid language of Northwest Cameroon with svo as its canonical word order, makes use of an interesting information-structure encoding construction wherein a non-object focused element is shifted into immediately postverbal position.

In elicitation contexts, it seems to be optional, but it appears that its presence is more natural when the negated verb is not followed by an object than when it is followed by an object. Relevant examples are given in (14a) and (14b). Sentence (14a) represents the first variant elicited when the verb was not followed by an object, and sentence (14b) represents the first variant elicited when the verb was followed by an object. However, 43 44 Jeff Good a variant of (14a) without the particle as well as a variant of (14b) with the particle (appearing at the very end of the sentence) were both judged grammatical when constructed.

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