By Lawrence Schiffman

Already sooner than its book, it was once transparent that the "Temple Scroll" represented an immense contribution to the heritage of Jewish legislation in past due Antiquity. the current quantity brings jointly the author's experiences in this very important scroll. He has sought to discover the hermeneutics of the Zadokite/Sadducean felony approach and to match and distinction it with different texts of its personal style in addition to with these in rabbinic literature protecting the Pharisaic-rabbinic procedure.

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Extra info for The Courtyards of the House of the Lord: Studies on the Temple Scroll (Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah)

Sample text

Regarding several classes of people the Temple Scroll maintains stringent rulings unknown in tannaitic legislation. Boys under twenty and proselytes are limited to the outer court according to the scroll, although the tannaim know of no such regulation. Women, permitted in the Levitical camp according to the tannaim, were only permitted into the outer court according to the Temple Scroll. The scroll denied access to the entire Temple precincts to those with physical defects, a law in no way paralleled in tannaitic tradition.

This does not occur in Jubilees. Both texts require that the paschal offering be eaten in the Temple precincts and only by those above twenty years of age. 17 The omer festival of the Temple Scroll has no parallel in Jubilees. Regarding the additional harvest festivals of the Temple Scroll, those of oil and wine, no parallel exists in Jubilees. No conclusions can be drawn from the accounts of the Day of Atonement in these sources, since they deal with different aspects of the holy day. The animals to be offered on the holiday of Sukkot are different in the two texts.

The Pharisees, as described by Josephus9 and the New Testament,10 claimed authority for such laws as traditions of the fathers—ancient and hoary traditions passed on from generation to generation. 11 To them, the one-time revelation at Sinai was of two Torahs, one written and the other oral. The latter was both an explanation and an expansion of the first. The Qumran sectarian documents speak of the revealed and the hidden Torahs, the ‫ נגלה‬and ‫נסתר‬. 12 The Temple Scroll takes a different view.

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