By Paul M. McGarr

The chilly warfare in South Asia presents the 1st complete and transnational heritage of Anglo-American kinfolk with South Asia in the course of a seminal interval within the heritage of the Indian Subcontinent, among independence within the past due Forties, and the peak of the chilly warfare within the overdue Sixties. Drawing upon major new facts from British, American, Indian and japanese bloc records, the ebook re-examines how and why the chilly warfare in South Asia advanced within the method that it did, at a time whilst the nationwide leaderships, geopolitical outlooks and neighborhood aspirations of India, Pakistan and their superpower suitors have been in a kingdom of substantial flux. The booklet probes the standards which inspired the governments of england and the U.S. to paintings so heavily jointly in South Asia throughout the twenty years after independence, and indicates what advantages, if any, Anglo-American intervention in South Asia's affairs added, and to whom.

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Extra info for The Cold War in South Asia: Britain, the United States and the Indian Subcontinent, 1945-1965

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In May that year, American dissatisfaction with British leadership in a region that Washington had previously recognised as London’s preserve prompted the United States to sign a bilateral defence agreement with Pakistan. Pakistan went on to became a founder member of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), an American-sponsored collective security body, the ostensible purpose of which was to contain Chinese Communist influence in Asia. In 1955, Pakistan deepened its security and defence relationships with the West by joining the Middle East Treaty Organization, or Baghdad Pact.

Over a two-week period, the Indian premier toured Leningrad, Georgia, the Ukraine and Soviet central Asia. Large and enthusiastic crowds were mobilised to greet Nehru wherever he went. The Indian leader’s books were reprinted and published in Russian, Indian films were shown in Soviet cinemas, and Indian popular music broadcast over state radio. ’94 Discussions between Indian and Soviet officials during Nehru’s visit to the USSR were largely confined to areas in which New Delhi and Moscow were in full agreement, such as the Chinese Communist claim on Taiwan, the implementation of the Geneva accords on Indo-China and the desirability of additional Indo-Soviet cultural and economic exchange.

57 For its part, Whitehall continued to set great store by its politico-military association with Pakistan. Lord Home reminded his cabinet colleagues that it was very much in Britain’s interest to ensure that Pakistan did not become so disenchanted with the West that it turned to embrace neutralism, or worse still, the Eastern bloc. 58 The existence of a strong mutual self-interest ensured that London and Karachi kept Anglo-Pakistani relations on a reasonably even keel during the early 1950s. 59 Moreover, as the British readily acknowledged, the extension of American power and influence into the Mediterranean and the Middle East in the years after 1945 weakened London’s position in Pakistan.

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