By Michel Aurnague, Laure Vieu, Maya Hickmann

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At the atomic level, the differences between these two mixtures are essentially dynamic. 10 (549-616) Claude Vandeloise cal mixture, grains of wheat and grains of barley interact only by contact, whereas ionic forces are at stake in the interaction of molecules of water and wine. As wheat and barley, water and wine can be dissociated by physical means. Such is not the case for hydrogen in a molecule of water, a situation described by sentence (12). I will call physical mixtures assortments. I use blends for 0-homogeneous mixtures that can be dissociated and fusions for mixtures whose components are inseparable by physical processes.

Of course, regarding language, this approach is valid only under the hypothesis that the linguistic study of (a given) language provides a coherent body of data against which to assess the adequacy of some ontological system, which clearly contradicts Varzi’s conclusions. Descriptive and formal semantics studies are certainly not a trivial matter, and results are obviously subject to discussion among scholars, but the hypothesis that language systematically – overtly or covertly – encodes in its structures a number of ontological assumptions appears to be validated by the papers of Part I.

On the other hand, this explanation is inadequate for sentence (7) in which, I hope, le vin does not refer to all the world’s wine: (7) Le vin est gâché. ’ Conceptualization has an important role in the distinction between count entities and masses. Indeed, we have the possibility to focus our attention on a more or less extended portion of our visual field. Furthermore, our position determines the portion of the world that we can perceive. Depending on the extension of our zone of attention and on our position, the limits of an entity can appear or disappear.

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