By Joe M. Sprinkle

This quantity bargains a synchronic, literary analyzing of the ultimate kind of the legislation of Exodus 20.22-23.19 (commonly, although inaccurately labelled "The e-book of the Covenant"), against this with basically resource and shape severe methods as a rule used in the prior. The paintings seeks to illustrate that this literary unit is way extra coherent, extra built-in into its narrative context, much less wanting the positing of corruptions, secondary insertions, rearrangements or the like than has often been well-known. The procedure as a substitute seeks to discover authorial objective in each one case the place students have usually posited scribal misadventure, "seams" among resources, illness, contradiction, or corruption.

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Stamm, 'Zum Altargesetz im Bundesbuch', 7Z 1 (1945), pp. 304-306. 2. Robertson, 'Altar of Earth', pp. 15-16. GKC §126r, p. 407 interprets Dipon in Gen. 11 similarly. 3. Robertson, 'Altar of Earth', p. 20. Cf. the Aramaic Targum. BDB, p. 880 claims thatnipn means 'sanctuary' in Gen. 11, 19; Deut. 2-3, Ezek. 13 and 2 Chron. 19. 4. Robertson, 'Altar of Earth', p. 16. 2. 1 Although there is much to be said for this alternative view, I doubt that the altar described here is limited to official altars.

19 is a well integrated unity. 2 To test this thesis at this point, one should ask, 'Why would an intelligent author (assuming that he is such) choose the present placement of v. ' An answer to this question can be deduced from a close examination of the outline given above. 22-26, namely, vv. 23-26, is semi-chiastic in structure with v. 24b (element X) at the center of the chiasm. Although element A (the prohibition of iconoplasm) is not strongly parallel with element A* (the prohibition of stairs), nonetheless, elements B (where altars of earth are permitted) and B* (where altars of hewn stone are prohibited) are strongly parallel, and there is a balancing of two cultic regulations before 24b and two cultic regulations after 24b.

The central purpose of chs. 19-24 is to describe the establishment of a covenant relationship between YHWH and Israel. Fundamental in a relationship with a god is how the god is to be worshipped. 19 and the Decalogue, being the stipulations of this covenant, begin with cultic matters. 10-19, sabbaths and holidays). Other legal corpora in the Bible likewise exhibit inclusios in which cultic matters envelope mostly non-cultic regulations: the Laws of Holiness (Leviticus 17-26) and of Deuteronomy (chs.

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