By Pierre L. Van den Berghe

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If there must be a single nation, the most obvious candidate is the Staatsvolk. The self-appointed task of the ruling class, that of "nation building," becomes almost inevitably one of repressing and denying the existence of other nations. The state becomes the architect of ethnic suppression, or, in extreme cases, genocide by manipulating to the advantage of the dominant ethny the vast system of rewards and punishments at its disposal. The panoply of repressive methods at the disposal of the modern state is a wide one.

Mace 53 3. Power, Culture, and Ethnicity: The Soviet Jewish Experience, Zvi Gitelman 73 4. Burundi: Ethnicity and the Genocidal State, René Lemarchand 89 5. Comparing Israel and South Africa: Prospects for Conflict Resolution in Ethnic States, Heribert Adam 113 6. Israel's Options for Handling the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, Sammy Smooha 143 7. Sri Lanka: The Lion and the Tiger in the Ethnic Archipelago, Lakshmanan Sabaratnam 187 8. Ecocide, Nutrition, and the "Vanishing Indian," Russel Lawrence Barsh 221 9.

There was dissolution of familial and traditional social ties, which left the atomized individual exposed and vulnerable and easy prey for the ubiquitous spies and informers. Brutal punishments and executions were inflicted for minor breaches of discipline, on suspicion, or arbitrarily and unpredictably. And behind it all lay the mysterious, secretive, awesome power of Angka, the mythical camouflage for the Cambodian Communist Party. In the end, the revolution devoured its own, as the leaders, driven by paranoid fantasies in their search for a secure monopoly of power, turned against the cadres who had faithfully served them.

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