By Frederik C. Krebs

Natural photovoltaics (OPV) are a brand new new release of sunlight cells with the aptitude to provide very brief power pay again instances, mechanical flexibility and considerably decrease creation expenditures in comparison to conventional crystalline photovoltaic structures. A weak spot of OPV is their comparative instability in the course of operation and it is a severe region of analysis in the direction of the winning improvement and commercialization of those 3rd new release sun cells.

Covering either small molecule and polymer sunlight cells, Stability and Degradation of natural and Polymer sun Cells summarizes the cutting-edge knowing of balance and offers a close research of the mechanisms through which degradation happens. Following an introductory bankruptcy which compares assorted photovoltaic applied sciences, the publication specializes in OPV degradation, discussing the beginning and characterization of the instability and describing measures for extending the length of operation.

Topics coated include:

  • Chemical and actual probes for learning degradation
  • Imaging concepts
  • Photochemical balance of OPV fabrics
  • Degradation mechanisms
  • Testing equipment
  • Barrier know-how and purposes

Stability and Degradation of natural and Polymer sun Cells is a necessary reference resource for researchers in academia and undefined, engineers and brands engaged on OPV layout, improvement and implementation.

Content:
Chapter 1 the several PV applied sciences and the way They Degrade (pages 1–16): Frederik C. Krebs
Chapter 2 Chemical and actual Probes for learning Degradation (pages 17–38): Birgitta Andreasen and Kion Norrman
Chapter three Imaging thoughts for learning OPV balance and Degradation (pages 39–70): Marco Seeland, Roland Rosch and Harald Hoppe
Chapter four Photochemical balance of fabrics for OPV (pages 71–108): Matthieu Manceau, Agnes Rivaton and Jean?Luc Gardette
Chapter five Degradation of Small?Molecule?Based OPV (pages 109–142): Martin Hermenau, Moritz Riede and Karl Leo
Chapter 6 Degradation of Polymer?Based OPV (pages 143–162): Mikkel Jorgensen and Frederik C. Krebs
Chapter 7 try out apparatus for OPV balance (pages 163–191): Olivier Haillant
Chapter eight Characterization and Reporting of OPV gadget Lifetime (pages 193–241): Suren A. Gevorgyan
Chapter nine targeted gentle for natural Photovoltaics (pages 243–267): Thomas Tromholt
Chapter 10 Barrier know-how and functions (pages 269–329): Lars M??ller?Meskamp, John Fahlteich and Frederik C. Krebs
Chapter eleven precis and Outlook (pages 331–332): Frederik C. Krebs

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Extra resources for Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells

Example text

Energy. Mater. Sol. Cells. 93:79–84. [50] Hegedus, S. , McCandless, B. E. (2005) CdTe contacts for CdTe/CdS solar cells: effect of Cu thickness, surface preparation and recontacting on device performance and stability. Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells. 88:75–95. , Compaan, A. , Rose, D. H. (2000) Photoluminescence of Cu-doped CdTe and related stability issues in CdS/CdTe solar cells. J. Appl. Phys. 88:2490–2496. P1: TIX/XYZ P2: ABC JWST161-c01 JWST161-Krebs January 20, 2012 13:17 Printer: Yet to come The Different PV Technologies and How They Degrade 15 [52] Dobson, K.

SEM also allows cross-sectional analysis of OPV devices. 7 μm2 ) of a partial OPV device with the composition glass/ITO/PEDOT:PSS/P3HT:PCBM before UV-vis exposure (a), after 3000 h (b), and after 6000 h (c). Reprinted from [20] with permission from Elsevier ©2011. the SEM apparatus is equipped with a focused ion beam (FIB) source then it is possible to obtain more well-defined cross sections, which improves quality. Furthermore, if the SEM apparatus is equipped with an energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) detector it is possible to obtain some degree of chemical information.

Lett. 59:840–842. [27] Crandall, R. S. (1991) Defect relaxation in amorphous silicon: Stretched exponentials, the Meyer-Neldel rule, and the Staebler-Wronski effect. Phys. Rev. B. 43:4057–4070. [28] Crandall, R. , Carlson, D. , Weakliem, H. A. (1984) Role of carbon in hydrogenated amorphous silicon solar cell degradation. Appl. Phys. Lett. 44: 200–201. [29] Zanzucchi, P. , Wronski, C. , Carlson, D. E. (1977) Optical and photoconductive properties of discharge-produced amorphous silicon. J. Appl.

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