By Tak Wing Chan
How does cultural hierarchy relate to social hierarchy? Do the extra advantaged eat 'high' tradition, whereas the fewer advantaged eat pop culture? Or has cultural intake in modern societies turn into individualised to this type of measure that there's now not any social foundation for cultural intake? best students from the united kingdom, america, Chile, France, Hungary and the Netherlands systematically learn the social stratification of arts and tradition. They assessment the 'class-culture homology argument' of Pierre Bourdieu and Herbert Gans; the 'individualisation arguments' of Anthony Giddens, Ulrich Beck and Zygmunt Bauman; and the 'omnivore-univore argument' of Richard Peterson. in addition they exhibit that, in step with Max Weber's class-status contrast, cultural intake, as a key section of way of life, is stratified totally on the foundation of social prestige instead of by means of social type.
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For example, due to the relatively large agricultural sector in Chile, Florencia Torche quite sensibly distinguishes four categories of farmers and farm labourers for Chile, which are all found at the bottom of the Chilean status hierarchy. g. Welders, blacksmiths, toolmakers and mechanics rank 14/26 and Plant and machine operatives rank 16/26).
But further, while individuals’ own status is not a significant influence on type of consumer, father’s status is: those culturally active have higher parental status than inactives and, further, omnivores have higher parental status than exclusives. Given that omnivores tend also to be younger than exclusives, Bukodi concludes that it is omnivorousness that represents the style of cultural consumption most typical of the more advantaged strata that are now emerging in post-communist Hungarian society.
Thus, in investigating the stratification of different types of cultural consumer, taken as the dependent variable in usually multinomial logistic regression models, contributors to this volume apply separate measures of class and status17 and also of income and education – but with the latter being included in, as it were, their own right rather than as simply elements of some synthetic ‘socio-economic status’ scale. In this way, then, the aim is to identify the independent, or net, effects of these several explanatory variables and, by estimating probabilities under regression models, to make some assessment of their relative importance.