By B. Devananda

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81 36 B u d d h i s t In t e r p r e t a t i o n of U n it y and E q u a l it y in H uman S o c ie t y As far as cosmology is concerned. Buddhism divided the world into two ages, one is Samvattamana and the other is Vivattamana. Samvattamana signifies the period of the dissolution of the world and Vivattamana shows the emergence of the world. At the period of dissolution, the world is completely vanished and it appears again. Even at this juncture, no difference can be found among living things.

Siya nukho tesam agginam nanadaruto abhinibbattanam kind nanakaranam, acciya va, accim vannena va vannam abhaya va abhanti. 110 The king asked the Buddha whether there is any difference in emancipation attained by the four castes. The Buddha explained that people of four castes, may get different kinds of firewood, such as mango sticks, sala sticks, etc. and bum it. The fire that is created from the different kinds of firewood does not differ at all. In the same manner, people aspiring for emancipation can get the same spiritual flame in the hearts.

S inhala edition) 68 S. Vol. I (PTS) Jara V agga, Tanha Janeti Sutta p. 37 69 M. V ol. I (PTS) M abayam aka vagga M ahatanhasankhaya sutta p. 266, kinh pali, BB. II. 70 R gveda (10) 90. Purusha Sukta p. 201, v. 7I The English translation of the above mentioned quotation is as follows: “At first the kalala takes birth and thence the abbuda. Therefrom the pesi grows, developing as ghana in its turn. Now in the ghana both appear the hair, the down the nails. 72 Thus, the genesis of the person takes place.

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