By Tal Ilan

Tal Ilan explores the way in which ancient records from antiquity are remodeled and edited in a protracted approach that results in silencing the ladies initially pointed out in them. Many tools are used to supply this final result: removing of ladies or their phrases, denigration of the ladies and their function or unification of a number of major ladies into one. those equipment and others are illuminated during this ebook, because it makes use of the instance of the Jewish queen Shelamzion Alexandra (76-67 BCE) for its start line. Queen Shelamzion was once the one valid Jewish queen in background. but all of the files during which she is pointed out (Josephus, Qumran scrolls, rabbinic literature, etc.) were transformed for you to reduce her value and deform the image we may well obtain of her. Tal Ilan follows the methods this was once performed and in doing so she encounters comparable styles during which different Jewish ladies in antiquity have been silenced, censored, and edited out.

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Extra info for Silencing the Queen: The Literary Histories of Shelamzion and Other Jewish Women

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The Pharisees, who owed their return to power and rise o f fortune to Queen Shelamzion, made a point o f defending her in their writings. This tradition is the only one to mention the queen by name, which is preserved in the early tannaitic stratum o f rabbinic literature. A very similar tradition appears in a parallel text o f the same time - the Sifra on Leviticus, to which I shall refer presently. In the later, amoraic sources from the Land o f Israel she is mentioned once, sitting namelessly next to King Yannai.

There is no doubt that such a method is flawed, for a cursory view o f the term in 100 Pp. 459-507. 101 Taylor, Jewish Women Philosophers 240. g. quite recently in T. Engberg-Pedersen, “ Philo’s De Vita Contemplativa as a Philosopher’s Dream,” Journal fo r the Study o f Judaism 30 (1999) 4 0 -6 4 . g. K. Janacek, “Philon von Alexandreia und skeptische Tropen,” Eirene 19 (1982) 83-97. Philo’s writings reveals a complex picture. The term is used occasionally, neither positively nor negatively. Yet with regard to people who are skeptics, Philo has only harsh words.

And what can we say about Moso’s book? If indeed she wrote a book on Jewish law, what character did it have? Was it a legal discussion? Was it a commentary? Was it a midrash? Did it look like the Book o f Jubilees, or like the Qumran Temple Scroll, which were probably both contemporaries? 61 F. Montanari, “ Polyhistor,” B rills Encyclopedia o f the Ancient World: New Pauli 1 (Leiden 2002) 479. M. Fraser, and Elaine Matthews, A Lexicon o f Greek Personal Names IIIA: The Poloponnese, Western Greece, Sicily and Magna Graeca (Oxford 1997) 309, Μούσα as a female name in Central Greece in the 3rd C BCE and Μώσων as a male name at the same time see P.

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