By Ulrike Zeshan
This identify relies on study accrued in Karachi targeting Indo-Pakistani signal language. It examines subject matters from simple, important, and problematical handshpaes, to signal households, extraneous impacts at the signal language, morphology corresponding to observe periods, directionaility, aspectual modulation and numeral incorporation, in addition to syntax together with be aware order, localization, and nonmanual syntax. This huge corpus of study could be of curiosity to all researchers within the box of linguistics, with specific emphasis on signal language.
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Additional info for Sign Language in Indo-Pakistan: A Description of a Signed Language
In Pakistan the sign ‘hot’ has a nonmanual configuration with the mouth (and optionally the eyes) wide open. This sign is not used in India. The nonmanual component of the sign is the only one that differentiates from ‘be silent’ (see fig. 52 and 53) so that we have a minimal pair here where a nonmanual component performs a meaning differentiating ‘phonemic’ function. There can be no doubt about the form of the two signs. occurs 48 Fig. 52. SIGN LANGUAGE IN INDOPAKISTAN Fig.
If the handshape changes during articulation, beginning and ending handshape are reversed: in ‘happy’ the hand opens from fO to 5° and moves up the body at the same time; on the contrary, in ‘sad, sorry’ the hand closes from 5° to fO (see figs. 19 and 20). Further examples in this category include : ‘progress, develop’ and ‘decline, deteriorate’, as well as : ‘spread’ and _: ‘diminish’. 8. Handshapes that appear in two positions in brackets cannot be assigned to any single category with certainty.
Therefore, the interrogative sign or signs are embedded in the grammatical 40 SIGN LANGUAGE IN INDOPAKISTAN structure of IPSL in several ways, whereas the questioning gesture used by hearing people has no relationship with the grammar of Hindi/Urdu. The sign _: (literally ‘has become’), whose identical counterpart among the gestures means something like ‘go away’ or ‘leave it’ (see fig. 41), is another case in this category. The corresponding sign in IPSL has a functional meaning (completive): it expresses completion of an action.