By Alex P. Jassen

This e-book is the 1st paintings of its style to ascertain felony exegesis within the lifeless Sea Scrolls from the point of view of either the historical past of Jewish legislation and early Jewish scriptural interpretation. It exhibits how the lifeless Sea Scrolls rework the that means and alertness of biblical legislations to satisfy the desires of latest historic and cultural settings. The lifeless Sea Scrolls criminal texts are tested throughout the comparative lens of legislations and criminal interpretation in moment Temple Judaism and rabbinic Judaism. The artistic interpretation of scriptural texts within the lifeless Sea Scrolls responds to the strain among likely inflexible authoritative scripture and the necessity for legislation and scripture to be ceaselessly evolving entities. the continuing felony interpretation of scriptural texts frames the advance of Jewish legislations even as it shapes the character of the biblical canon.

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Shemesh, Halakhah in the Making, 5. Shemesh identifies the work of Yadin and Schiffman as representative. Though not mentioned by Shemesh, Joseph Baumgarten likewise belongs in this category. A similar approach is highlighted in Fraade, “The Dead Sea Scrolls and Rabbinic Judaism after Sixty (Plus) Years,” 118–19. Shemesh, Halakhah in the Making, 3–4. ak Gilat and Noam as examples of this approach. Introduction 17 history of Jewish law and legal exegesis. Chapter 3 examines the generally underutilized role of Jewish legal exegesis for understanding the origins and significance of the canon of the Hebrew Bible.

The presentation of the ritual aspects of the festival of Booths gives the impression that they merely act out the directives laid out in the Torah. 22 Thus, for example, Neh 8:15 retains the relatively clear directive to take “branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees” found in Lev 23:40. In contrast, the enigmatic “boughs of goodly trees” (Lev 23:40) is provided with practical meaning by the identification of specific types of trees in Neh 8:15 (“olive branches, and pine branches, and myrtle branches”).

The synchronic analysis of the Dead Sea Scrolls will allow the reader to engage with sectarian hermeneutics in a meaningful way. The diachronic analysis of the texts together with biblical, Second Temple, and rabbinic literature will illumine the long and shared history of interpretation and application of ancient Israelite law in ancient Judaism. The present chapter situates the study of the Dead Sea Scrolls in the broader context of the history of Jewish law and legal exegesis. ii. ancient israelite law in transition, part 1: the second temple period The Dead Sea Scrolls are the most significant body of texts available to scholars to illuminate the transition from the sacred writings of ancient Israel to the emergence of new forms of Judaism deeply indebted to these ancient and authoritative writings.

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