By Hilary I. Inyang, Clifford J. Bruell

The single booklet to completely current the issues and strategies to the complex factor of infected rock website remediation, ''Remediation in Rock Masses'' offers theoretical analyses, case reviews, and proposals via favourite members within the box. This ebook provides a finished assessment of modeling, web site characterization, and remediation options, together with basic rules and sensible thoughts for characterizing polluted rock lots, estimating contaminant movement charges in rock, and assessing the effectiveness of vital cleanup applied sciences for infected rock websites. different subject matters contain theoretical modeling of liquid circulate and combining in rock fractures; reviews of pneumatic and hydraulic fracturing to extend formation permeabilities; and remediation applied sciences, together with pump-and-treat, soil vapor extraction (SVE), bioremediation, and alcohol flooding. The incidence of contaminants - fuel, trichloroethylene (TCE), tetrahydrofuran, and heavy metals - in fractured rock structures at chosen commercial websites, landfills, and hardrock or coal mining websites is reviewed. web site characterization thoughts to figure out interconnectivity among fractures also are mentioned

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From zone 1 to zone 2, the average velocity in the system decreases. As water flows around the junction from fracture 1 into the junction and toward the outlet fracture 4, the time for a solute particle to stay at the junction decreases; therefore, the size of the mixing zone decreases. The dashed lines in the flow region formed by flow from fracture 2 to fracture 3 represent the corresponding zones of the solute particles that have moved Figure 3-2. Schematic of the mixing zone. 32 REMEDIATION IN ROCK MASSES across the dividing streamline.

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