By George J. Brooke

The useless Sea Scrolls, that have lengthy captured the general public mind's eye, are actually all on hand in important variations and available translations. This ebook addresses the following degree of their research via elevating questions about how they need to be learn and studied. The essays accumulated right here illustrate techniques. First, a few essays argue that conventional equipment of learning historical texts must be subtle and broadened within the mild of the Scrolls. the amount hence comprises reviews on textual content feedback, literary traditions, lexicography, historiography, and theology. moment, the e-book additionally argues that cutting edge equipment of analysis, utilized fruitfully in different parts, now additionally must be utilized to the Scrolls, comparable to reviews that ponder the relevance for the Scrolls of deviance concept, cultural reminiscence, hypertextuality, intertextuality, style idea, spatial research, and psychology. a number of the examples in those stories relate to how authoritative scripture used to be dealt with and appropriated through the teams that accumulated the Scrolls jointly within the caves at and close to Qumran, so a few of the comparable texts are analyzed from a number of varied views.

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9 above. 20. Knibb, “Commentary on 2 Esdras,” 156. 21. For commentary on this section of 2 Esdras, see Knibb, “Commentary on 2 Esdras,” 156–57. 26 Reading the Dead Sea Scrolls the present to assist contemporary hearers or readers to make sense of their own experiences. But the process from text to tradition is far from straightforward; all manner of convoluted intervening stages are to be recognized, not least many of those now to be associated with the phenomenon of rewriting and reworking texts of emerging authority.

Second, Isa 2:22 was not in the Hebrew text translated by the LXX but was inserted later into the textual tradition now found in 1QIsaa and the MT. ” A third category includes variants usually involving just one or two words; this category differs from the large-scale variants of the first category and the evidence of scribal practices in the second. A fourth category consists of errors such as the omission through homoioteleuton of Isa 16:8b–9a from 1QIsaa. This categorization is helpful, first, because it begins with significant and insignificant variants the vast majority of which cannot be described suitably on any view as errors.

A start has been made by E. Tov, “Biblical Texts as Reworked in Some Qumran Manuscripts with Special Attention to 4QRP and 4QParaGen-Exod,” in The Community of the Renewed Covenant: The Notre Dame Symposium on the Dead Sea Scrolls (ed. E. Ulrich and J. C. : University of Notre Dame Press, 1994), 111–34. 35. , scriptural) works rather than ‘paraphrases’ or ‘reworked’ biblical texts” (E. Ulrich, “The Bible in the Making: The Scriptures Found at Qumran,” in The Bible at Qumran: Text, Shape, and Interpretation [ed.

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