By García Martínez, Eibert J. C. Tigchelaar

The authors influential articles at the Origins of the Qumran neighborhood (the co-called Groningen speculation) and on Apocalypticism within the useless Sea Scrolls are actually accrued in a single quantity, together with translations of essays that have been written in Spanish and French.

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Additional resources for Qumranica Minora I: Qumran Origins and Apocalypticism (Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah)

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J. Strugnell and E. Qimron, “An Unpublished Halakhic Letter from Qumran,” in Biblical Archaeology Today. Proceedings of the International Congress on Biblical Archaeology, Jerusalem, April 1984 (ed. J. Amitai; Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1985), 400–407. 44 “MMT may, then, be the earliest Qumranic work, being apparently written immediately after the separation of the Sect” (Strugnell and Qimron, “An Unpublished Halakhic Letter from Qumran,” 401). 45 Hebrew text in Strugnell and Qimron, “An Unpublished Halakhic Letter from Qumran,” 402.

60 Hence, if we wish to have some idea of this history our only recourse is to turn to the cryptic statements of the pesharim, to “decode” them and to compare them with the rest of the information an the period to be gathered from Flavius Josephus or the Books of the Maccabees. This in fact is the method used by the majority of researchers since the years immediately following the discoveries and, notwithstanding the problems, it has produced a series of Àndings which, in my opinion, may now be considered as established.

Or the beginning of the 2nd c. E. as the period of the origins of the Essene movement. Origins of the Qumran Sect At the origins of the particular development within Essenism which is to issue in the formation of the Qumran sect can be found the powerful Àgure whom, for lack of a speciÀc name, we call by the title attributed to him by the sectarian writers: the Teacher of Righteousness. CD I 5–12 is quite categorical to this effect:38 the “root of the plantation” which God makes grow from Israel and from Aaron in the time of wrath, the only men in Israel who understand their iniquities and acknowledge their sin, that is the members of the Essene movement, recognized their iniquity and knew that they were guilty men, and they were like the blind and those who grope (their) way for twenty years.

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