By Tayacan, Joanne Omang, Aryeh Neier

The following released for the 1st time in booklet shape, mental Operations in Guerrilla struggle is the guide written by means of the crucial Intelligence service provider and disseminated by way of its surrogates one of the "contras" - anti-Sandinista rebels- in Nicaragua. It triggered a hurricane of controversy while it is lifestyles was once first published, and President Reagan promised a close inquiry. yet just a couple of low-level staff of the corporation have been ever reprimanded, and the problem used to be then formally closed. the difficulty of the legality of usa involvement within the used to be in Nicaragua continues to be, as Joanne Omang, Washington submit correspondent, and Aryeh Neier, vp of Americas Watch, show of their essays. The handbook represents a fashion of wondering the area that many american citizens believed had resulted in Vietnam. but truly the idea persists in the U.S. foreign-policy institution that we might impose our will in a foreign country with no undue political or ethical results. the debate created through this handbook means that, to the contrary, the associated fee to the USA of unlawful covert task in nations comparable to Nicaragua can be quite excessive

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For example: "Political votes are the power of the people in a democracy. And economic votes are their power in the economy. Buying or not buying something, the majorities decide what should be produced. For something to be produced or to disappear. " The most usual plaintive figures of speech are: Deprecation or entreaty to obtain something. For example: "Lord, free us from the yoke. " Imprecation or threat, expressing a sentiment in view of the unjust or hopeless. " Commination, similar to the previous one, presents a bad wish for the rest.

In this way, an Armed Propaganda Team program in the operational area builds for our comandantes in the countryside constant source of data gathering (infrastructure) in all the area. It is also a means for developing or increasing popular support, for recruiting new members and for obtaining provisions. In addition, an Armed Propaganda Team program allows the expansion of the guerrilla movement, since they can penetrate areas that are not under the control of the combat units. In this way, through an exact evaluation of the combat units they will be able to plan their operations more precisely, since they will have certain knowledge of the existing conditions.

Organizations of Cells for Security Internal cadres of our movement should organize into cells of three persons, only one of them maintaining outside contact. The cell of three persons is the basic element of the movement, with frequent meetings to receive orders and pass information to the cell leader. These meetings are also very important for mutually reinforcing the members of the cell, as well as their morale. They should exercise criticism of themselves on the realization or failures in carrying out individual subjective control missions.

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