By Trenton Merricks

Propositions has major targets. the 1st is to teach that there are propositions. the second one is to safeguard an account in their nature. whereas pursuing those objectives, Trenton Merricks attracts a number of arguable conclusions approximately similar concerns, together with, between others, supervaluationism, the character of attainable worlds, truths approximately non-existent entities, and even if and the way logical final result is determined by modal proof.
An argument is modally legitimate simply in case, unavoidably, if its premises are actual, then its end is right. Propositions starts with the belief that a few arguments are modally legitimate. Merricks then argues that the premises and conclusions of modally legitimate arguments aren't sentences. as an alternative, he argues, they're propositions. So, simply because there are modally legitimate arguments, there are propositions.
Merricks defends the declare that propositions are usually not established and aren't units of attainable worlds. He thereby provides arguments opposed to the 2 best money owed of the character of propositions. these arguments are meant not just to oppose these money owed, but in addition to bring conclusions approximately what a passable account of the character of propositions should still say. Of specific significance during this regard are arguments about the alleged reasons of the way a suite of attainable worlds or a dependent proposition may be ready to characterize factor as being a undeniable means. Merricks then defends his personal account of the character of propositions, which says simply that every proposition is an important existent that primarily represents issues as being a definite method.

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For example, as we have seen, it reveals that propositions essentially represent things as being a certain way. V. Fundamental Bearers of Truth and Falsity Let us say that an entity is a fundamental bearer of truth just in case that entity meets two conditions. First, that entity is true. Second, its being true is not (even partly) analyzed in terms of its being related to some other entity that is true. Similarly, a fundamental bearer of falsity is false, and its being false is not (even partly) analyzed in terms of its being related to some other entity that is false.

A claim’s truth depends on how things are because (a) each entity that is capable of being true or false represents things as being a certain way and (b) that entity is true (false) because things are (are not) as that entity represents them as being. This suggests a new sort of deflationism about truth. That sort of deflationism says, first, that there is no property being true. And, second, that the predicate ‘is true’ applies to a proposition just in case that proposition represents things as being a certain way, and things are as that proposition represents them as being.

One of those premises is about integers (and not about dogs) and the other is about dogs (and not about integers). Relatedly, those premises differ in how they represent things as being. One of them represents the sum of 2 and 1 as being 3. The other represents every dog as being a dog. Those two premises have the same truth conditions but differ in how they represent things as being. So a premise’s (or conclusion’s) having certain truth conditions is not one and the same thing as that premise’s (or conclusion’s) representing things as being a certain way.

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