By Francesco M. Angelici

This e-book presents perception into the circumstances during which flora and fauna species can create difficulties. a few species set off difficulties for human actions, yet many others want people to avoid wasting them and to live on. The textual content addresses concerns confronted by means of economists and politicians facing legislation regarding activities undertaken to solve the issues of the interplay among people and flora and fauna. the following, the phrases ‘problematic species’ are utilized in their broadest experience, as can be preferred within the brief introductions to many of the sections. every now and then, the authors speak about particular instances whereas constantly extending the dialogue right into a extra basic and huge imaginative and prescient. At others, they current actual state of the art research of ecological subject matters and issues.

The ebook might be of curiosity to biologists, ecologists and flora and fauna managers eager about learn on natural world, parks, and environmental administration, in addition to to executive departments and enterprises, NGOs and conservation flora and fauna businesses. Even these involved with nature, similar to hunters, herders, and farmers, could be capable of finding loads of very important details. particular case reports are chosen from one of the most important and well-known circumstances during the world.

A overall of 26 papers were chosen for this e-book, written via zoologists, biologists and ecologists. Many have an interdisciplinary procedure, with contributions via economists, criminologists, technical experts, and engineers.

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The global population numbers are assessed at 28 K. Daleszczyk et al. Fig. 2 Historical (light grey) and present (dark grey) distribution of the tiger Panthera tigris, redrawn from Luo et al. (2004) (with modifications) by Kate West 3200–3600 individuals, approximately half of the size estimated a decade ago (Seidensticker 2010) and the effective population size (number of reproductively successful adults) is estimated to be less than 2500 tigers (Chundawat et al. 2011). Reasons for decline. Habitat loss, poaching of tigers for various body parts and the exotic pet trade, and overhunting of tigers’ ungulate prey resulting in prey scarcity are all major threats for the tiger (Dinerstein et al.

J Travel Med 6:172–179 Ebenhard T (1995) Conservation breeding as a tool for saving animal species from extinction. Trends Ecol Evol 10:438–443 Ellis R (2005) Tiger bone & rhino horn: the destruction of wildlife for traditional Chinese medicine. Island Press, Washington, DC Eriksson J, Larson G, Gunnarsson U, Bed’hom B, Tixier-Boichard M, Strömstedt L, Wright D, Jungerius A, Vereijken A, Randi E, Jensen P, Andersson L, Georges M (2008) Identification of the yellow skin gene reveals a hybrid origin of the domestic chicken.

1988; Johnson 1989). Tasmanian Tiger Thylacinus cynocephalus (EX) The Tasmanian tiger Thylacinus cynocephalus (order Dasyuromorphia, family Thylacinidae) is another extinct species where our knowledge contains many gaps. It was the last member of the family of carnivorous marsupials that lived in Australia. 2 Mammal Species Extinction and Decline: Some Current and Past Case Studies… 33 The Tasmanian tiger was also the largest carnivorous marsupial in historic times, weighing between 15 and 35 kg (Mooney and Rounsevell 2008).

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