By Carsten Ullrich

Automatic direction iteration is a vital sector of analysis with a variety of functional purposes in e-learning. it's been studied because the Nineteen Eighties in the fields of clever tutoring, AI and schooling, adaptive hypermedia and web-based academic structures. Many techniques were proposed, yet infrequently any have ended in conventional and essentially utilized structures. a couple of difficulties have remained unresolved. those difficulties are addressed via this paintings.

This booklet makes a speciality of path new release in keeping with Hierarchical activity community making plans (HTN planning). This direction iteration framework permits the formalization and alertness of complicated and reasonable pedagogical wisdom. the amount describes easy recommendations for path new release, that are used to formalize seven kinds of classes (for example, introducing the learner to formerly unknown strategies and aiding the learner in the course of practice session) and several other simple studying targets (e.g., deciding on a suitable instance or exercise). This framework has been carried out and evaluated with reliable leads to a number of domain names, with clients from varied nations and universities, within the context of an ecu undertaking.

Course new release in response to HTN making plans is carried out in PAIGOS and has been evaluated by way of technical, formative and summative reviews.

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Extra resources for Pedagogically Founded Courseware Generation for Web-Based Learning: An HTN-Planning-Based Approach Implemented in PAIGOS

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If one of them matches, the method’s head is replaced by the corresponding subtasks. 3 Descriptive and Prescriptive Learning Theories Learning theories describe how people learn, often by reference to a particular model of human cognition or development. Depending on the learning theory, different requirements arise regarding the learning process, e. , how to structure it, what questions to ask the learner, etc. Learning theories can be divided into descriptive and prescriptive theories [162, page 137].

To perform calculations which might become useful later during planning) and does not correspond to actions performed in the plan. Internal operators are specially marked (they begin with two exclamation marks), yet they have the same syntax and semantics as other operators. Internal operators serve the purpose that a client that uses plans generated by jshop2 can distinguish between operators that are internal to the planning process and those that involve action. jshop2 requires that an operator is designed such that each variable symbol in the add list and delete list can always be bound to a single value when the operator is invoked.

Each manifest contains a metadata section that provides information about the manifest, an organization section that describes the static organization of the content, a resource section the contains references to all of the resources and media elements needed for a manifest (including those from external packages), and optionally one or more logically nested manifests. In theory, two systems that implement the ims cp standard are able to exchange sets of resources by loading each others content packages.

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