By Monica Heller
Nationalism informs our rules approximately language, tradition, identification, country, and State--ideas which are being challenged by way of globalization and an rising new economic system. As language, tradition, and id are commodified, multilingualism turns into an element within the mobility of individuals, principles and goods--and of their value.
In Paths to Post-Nationalism, Monica Heller indicates how hegemonic discourses of language, id, and the geographical region are destabilized below new political and monetary stipulations. those tactics, she argues, positioned us at the route to post-nationalism. utilising a fine-grained ethnographic research to the inspiration of "francophone Canada" from the Seventies to the current, Heller examines sociolinguistic practices in places of work, faculties, group institutions, NGOs, nation organizations, and websites of tourism and function throughout francophone North the United States and Europe. Her paintings indicates how the tensions of past due modernity produce competing visions of social association and competing resources of legitimacy in makes an attempt to re-imagine--or face up to re-imagining--who we're.
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Additional resources for Paths to Post-Nationalism: A Critical Ethnography of Language and Identity
I argue that the shift from a discourse of rights to a discourse of profit, from the state as protector to the state as facilitator of the producer (Heller 2008b; Silva and Heller 2009), is linked to material changes in the regulation of state resources and has material consequences for the construction of citizenship. More specifically, we see the rise of the “language worker” (Heller and Boutet 2006) and the transformation of the main d’oeuvre (manual labor) into the parole d’oeuvre (speech labor; Duchêne 2009), that is, of the workforce into the wordforce (Heller 2010).
Where they remained open or were renewed, they involved new forms of old resources, connected to new markets, and organized in new ways involving greater dependence on digital technology and more “flexible” (and less unionized) work structures. For example, the family-owned gold and zinc mines of the Northwest Territories closed down, to be replaced some years later by diamond mines owned by major international cartels. All of these changes were part of a general crisis of primary resource extraction and manufacturing industries in North America and Europe in the 1980s and 1990s.
While the knowledge economy and culture are receiving a great deal of attention from economic development planners, and traverse the transformations of francophone Canada in important ways, to study them requires some imagination. The usual focus on communities and institutions will only take us so far. This chapter will therefore also consider some of the ways in which we were obliged to follow the trajectories of actors and of goods. In particular, I will focus on the circulation between francophone Europe and Canada in the context of music festivals, Christmas markets, and commercial fairs in a variety of locales across France, Switzerland, and Belgium, involving goods and actors usually based in Quebec, Ontario, and New Brunswick.