By Shahid Javed Burki

The army regime of Zia ul-Haq all started as an ostensible emergency reaction to allegations of election-rigging via the Bhutto executive in 1977. It was once intended to final ninety days - as an alternative it persevered for over eleven years. As Pakistan emerged from its relative isolation to develop into an more and more significant overseas actor within the wake of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Zia retained his grip at the reins of strength and persevered to restructure the country to his imaginative and prescient as an Islamic country. This publication analyzes the political, fiscal, felony and administrative buildings of Pakistan as they have been shaped and remodeled via Zia in the course of his arguable occupation. as well as the analytical chapters - that are in part in line with all the authors' own interviews with Zia - researchers will discover a invaluable reference source in a chronology, biographical sketches of key personages and an in depth bibliography.

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Extra info for Pakistan Under the Military: Eleven Years of Zia ul-Haq

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There was, however, a serious shortage of facilities for education, health services, urban development, and other items in the social services agenda, a factor contributing to the Sindhi violence. But, most importantly, there was an eleven-year hiatus in the political development of Pakistan. Few would support the actions of the last years of the Zulfikar Bhutto regime with its gross violations of human rights, but the Zia period did little to reverse this trend and it changed the 1973parliamentary constitution so much as to destroy the philosophical, if not practiced, concept that the government of Pakistan belongs to the people of Pakistan.

38. The Times, "Return of the Bhuttos," November 18, 1988. 39. Christina Lamb, "Benazir's Democracy," Financial Times, December 9, 1989. 40. Zbigniew Brzezinski, "Help Pakistan Stay on Course," The Washington Post, August 26, 1988. 41. See for instance the statements made by General Aslam Beg in a wide ranging press conference held in Rawalpindi in October 1989. The Muslim, Islamabad, October 11, 1~89. 42. "Moment of Trial," The Muslim, Islamabad, August 19, 1988. 43. Ibid. 2 Restructuring the Pakistan Political System CraigBaxter Authoritarian rule, whether military or civilian, is not an unusual condition in Pakistan.

Although the full thrust of the initial enthusiasm soon wore off, it was clear that the PPP was no longer to be ignored or suppressed, even though Bhutto was arrested briefly in August 1986, for trying to hold a mass meeting that was not authorized by the government. Benazir Bhutto also maintained that the PPP would not comply with the party registration law, a law that was eventually invalidated. The Dismissal Although there were clear reasons for Zia to be unhappy with Junejo, Zia's dismissal of the cabinet and dissolution of the legislative bodies at the national and provincial levels at the end of May 1988, came as a surprise.

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