By Lorenz Adrian, Frank E. Löffler

This booklet summarizes the present country of information pertaining to micro organism that use halogenated natural compounds as breathing electron acceptors. the invention of organohalide-respiring micro organism has increased the diversity of electron acceptors used for strength conservation, and serves as a chief instance of ways clinical discoveries are allowing leading edge engineering options that experience remodeled remediation perform. person chapters offer in-depth history info at the discovery, isolation, phylogeny, biochemistry, genomic positive aspects, and ecology of person organohalide-respiring genera, together with Dehalococcoides, Dehalogenimonas, Dehalobacter, Desulfitobacterium and Sulfurospirillum, in addition to organohalide-respiring participants of the Deltaproteobacteria. The booklet introduces readers to the attention-grabbing biology of organohalide-respiring micro organism, providing a helpful source for college kids, engineers and practitioners alike.

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Environ Sci Technol 43(10):3652–3655. 1021/es803300f Ruttimann-Johnson C, Lamar RT (1996) Polymerization of pentachlorophenol and ferulic acid by fungal extracellular lignin-degrading enzymes. A. Field Scarratt MG, Moore RM (1999) Production of chlorinated hydrocarbons and methyl iodide by the red microalga Porphyridium purpureum. Limnol Oceanogr 44(3):703–707 Silk PJ, Macaulay JB (2003) Stereoselective biosynthesis of chloroarylpropane diols by the basidiomycete Bjerkandera adusta: exploring the roles of amino acids, pyruvate, glycerol and phenyl acetyl carbinol.

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Methanogens, however can dechlorinate this compound (Schrauzer and Katz 1978; Jablonski et al. 1996), which suggests that methanogenic biomass can be used to remove this persistent organic compound from waste streams and the environment. Löffler et al. (1999) have pointed out an energetic/thermodynamic approach that allows distinction between metabolic and co-metabolic degradation of halogenated organics based on the premise that conservation of the considerable amount of energy available from organohalide respiration results in distinct biomass formation in and by organohalide-respiring organisms.

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