By Moshe Weinfeld

The booklet brings jointly the essays on moment Temple Judaism via Moshe Weinfeld, one of many major figures in comparative literature and the background of faith in old close to jap stories. This built-in assortment facilities at the spiritual debates inside of moment Temple Judaism among the sectarian Qumran neighborhood and the Pharisees. It examines issues equivalent to liturgy, legislations, theology and beliefs; matters that demonstrated Jewish spiritual types for normative, Rabbinic Judaism. It additionally units those debates within the broader context of texts and ideas from the Bible and historical close to East texts on one hand and the hot testomony and Rabbinic Judaism at the different. The e-book contains 4 sections. the 1st, 'Prayer and Worship' analyzes constitutive principles mirrored within the definitive prayers of Qumran and Pharisaic liturgy. the second one, 'The Qumran Scrolls' engages a number of criminal and hermeneutic concerns within the literature of the Qumran sect. part 3, 'Theology and beliefs' treats a bunch of foundational Jewish options from the historic standpoint. the ultimate part 'The New testomony' brings numerous uncomplicated thoughts and conceptions of Judaism into New testomony context. this can be quantity fifty four within the Library of moment Temple reports sequence (formerly the magazine for the research of the Pseudepigrapha complement series).

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For the oath by the life of the king of Egypt see J. Wilson, 'The Oath in Ancient Egypt', JNES 1 (1948), pp. 129ff. and for the oath by the life of king and god in Mesopotamia see ms Him I sarrim zakaru and see n. 227 as well as references in CAD A adu B, and cf. in the Bible 'By the life of Y. and life of my lord the king'. "[ton ^TTN TTI Tl n n (2 Sam. 21) and 'he will curse by God and by his king', ID tol VH^D ^pl (Isa. 21). 231. Except the oath by the Tuxn - cited above from the treaty between Smyrna and Magnesia which stems from the military character of the obligation, see P.

Compare Dio Cassius 1,49: mxTTip, ccpxispeus, aouAos, ipcos, SEOS. 241. A. 6, BefreiungsnachtundKr6nungstag',^/e/we5'c/zr///ewII,pp. 206-255. 242. There have been many claims that the fifth epithet in Isa. 9 was deleted accidentally and traces of it may be found in th at the beginning of Verse 6. D. Schunk (FT 23 [1973] p. ) the restored fifth title should be: 0*711; BS1IZ? 243. Cf. Codex Hammurapi XXV 20-21'Hammurapi... who is like a real father to the people' and in the inscription of Azitawada King of the Danunites: 08*71 n»^ DOT1?

494ff. The Sefire treaty also commences with the divine witnesses. 164. For Marduk and Ashur in the capacity of storm gods see my article in Th. Gaster Festschrift. JANES (1973), pp. 422ff. Cf. the oath between the eagle and the snake in the Neo-Assyrian version of the Mesopotamian Etana myth (ANET2, p. 116). The oath is made before Shamash and is contingent on Shamash's curses. Shamash's curse, whose main feature is trapping in a net (susgal) occupies an important position in the treaty of Eannatum (the Vulture Stela) from the third millenium BCE.

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