By Nick Faraclas

Nigerian Pidgin is the 1st accomplished grammar of what has develop into probably the most greatly spoken languages of Africa and the main largely spoken pidgin language on this planet. The paintings comprises an in depth descriptive and analytic remedy of the syntax, morphology and phonology of Nigerian Pidgin, in addition to initial stories of the lexicon and semantics of the language. the knowledge and research offered during this e-book are in keeping with samples of spontaneous speech amassed in markets, offices, deepest houses and different websites all through South japanese Nigeria. This quantity is additional complemented by way of an entire bibliography.

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4 Questioning elements of prepositional and adverbial phrases: Any element of any prepositional or adverbial phrase (excluding prepositions as isolated elements) may be questioned. 1–2, questioning is possible over entire prepositional and adverbial phrases as well. 3: (49) Yù sik (fòr) haw meni nayt? OR 2sP be sickF (p) how many? night (Fòr) haw meni nayt yù sik? (p) how many? 1–2, the scope of such questions normally covers the entire prepositional and adverbial phrase: (50) (51) Dèm kot nyam wìt nayf.

The most commonly used adverbial manner clauses are optionally introduced by the general prepo sition fòr and consist of a head nominal such as dì we ‘the way’ or eni we ‘any way’, followed by a relative clause. : (185) A chu dì kola [(fòr) dì we [(we) yù tok]]. ’ All acrolectal speakers and most mesolectal speakers use the adverbial clause introducers as ‘as’ and layk ‘like’ followed by a noun clause in adverbial manner clauses: (186) A chu dì kola [làyk [(se) onyibomân dè chu]]. 6). 3 Purpose clauses Adverbial purpose clauses have exactly the same structure as subjunctive noun clauses: they are optionally introduced by the noun clause introducer se and obligatorily include the subjunctive marker mek in presubject position: (187) A kil dì snek [(se) mek ìm no bayt mì].

A-à. Atôl. Husâyd? OR Fòr we? Kòmôt! OR Getôt! ’ (abusive) SYNTAX 21 Doubt is very often expressed by the use of the verb fit ‘be able’ in such statements as ì fit bi so ‘it could be so’. Or-conjoined statements may be employed to show doubt about a proposition. In acrolectal varieties, mebi ‘maybe’ is also attested: (80) A: B: (81) Abi yù gò go Legos ? ’ A fit go. OR I fit bi so. ’ Weda à gò go, weda à no gò go. OR @Mebi. 2 Incomplete sentence answers to question-word questions: Any element of an answer to a question-word question which corresponds to the questioned element of the original question may be used alone as an incomplete sentence answer.

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