By Sabrina Bendjaballah, Wolfgang U. Dressler, Oskar E. Pfeiffer, Maria D. Voeikova

This quantity provides chosen papers from the 9th overseas Morphology assembly held in Vienna in February 2000. within the spirit of the assembly, this quantity specializes in the most subject "comparative morphology" (that is, cross-linguistic research, together with typology, dialectology and diachrony) and at the minor subject "psycholinguistics". issues coated comprise: the lexical bases of morphological well-formedness; what you are able to do with derivational morphology; morphology, typology and computation; the aquisition of German plurals; passive in Arabic and English; and inflectional morphemes as syntactic heads.

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Note that although eight languages in the data-base have derivational markers meaning ‘female’, only two have derivational markers meaning ‘male’, and only one language has both types. Table 9. Diminutive and female in the database No. of No. of No. of No. of No.  Wider syncretisms I am aware of two publications which consider rather more categories which may be syncretized across languages (Voskuil 1996; Enger and Nesset 1999). g. the prefix par- in Toba Batak can be added to nouns, intransitive or transitive verbs, but always indicates a person with a connection to the base; the suffix -ala in Waskia can be used to derive adverbs either from nouns or from adjectives).

A Vietnamese Grammar. Seattle: University of Washington Press. Voskuil, Jan 1996. Comparative Morphology: verb taxonomy in Indonesian, Tagalog and Dutch. The Hague: Holland Academic Graphics. Watkins, Laurel J. 1984. A Grammar of Kiowa. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press. Wells, Margaret A. 1979. Siroi Grammar. Canberra, Pacific Linguistics Series B No. 51. Westermann, Diedrich 1930. A Study of the Ewe Language. : Oxford University Press. Williams, Marianne Mithun 1974. A Grammar of Tuscarora.

With the verbal predicate in (18a), this possessive interpretation is possible, but with the adjectival predication in (18b) it is not. This confirms the structures in (16), in which a PP that is sister to the verbal predicate is in the same maximal phrase as the subject, but a PP that is sister to the adjective is not (the PP is in AP and the subject in PredP; see (16c)). Data like this show that the distinction between verbs and other categories in terms of their ability to take a subject is valid crosslinguistically, surface appearances not withstanding.

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