By M. R. Ahuja (auth.), M. R. Ahuja (eds.)

This quantity covers contemporary advances within the vegetative propagation of woody crops by way of tissue tradition. a variety of themes appropriate to micropropagation of woody vegetation are mentioned by means of popular foreign scientists. those comprise mobile contro of morphogenesis, mild regimes in tissue tradition, maturation and rejuvenation, artificial seed, genetics of micropropagated crops, haploid embryogenesis, protoplast tradition, and acclimatization of exvitro woody crops. as well as micropropagation of chosen woody crops, either gymnosperms and angiosperms, this quantity additionally includes invitro genetic choice, strategic making plans for program of biotechnology for genetics and breeding, and clonal thoughts for woody plant development. A balanced view of either views and boundaries of woody plant micropropagation is gifted.

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Genetic Manipulation of Woody Plants, pp. 167-183. , New York. 75. Thorpe TA and Murashige T (1970) Some histochemical changes underlying shoot initiation in tobacco callus culture. Can J Bot 48 : 277-285. 76. Thorpe TA and Patel KR (1986) Comparative morpho-histological studies on the sites of shoot initiation in various conifer explants. New Zealand J For Sci 16: 257-268. 77. Toriyama K, Arimoto Y, Uchimiya H, and Hinata K (1988). Transgenic rice plants after direct gene transfer into protoplast.

Kirby EG and Schalk ME (1982) Surface structural analysis of cultured cotyledons of Douglas fir. Can J Bot 60: 2729-2733. 42. Kumar PP, Reid DM, and Thorpe TA (1987) The role of ethylene and carbon dioxide in differentiation of shoot buds in excised cotyledons of Pinus radiata in vitro. Physiol Plant 69: 244-252. 43. Kumar PP, Bender L, and Thorpe TA ( 1988) Activities of ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and 14 C-bicarbonate fixation during in vitro culture of Pinus radiata cotyledons.

Summary The complex sequence of events associated with morphogenesis, or the origin of form, in plants appear to be controlled at different levels of organization. Hence, the process has been studied at the structural, metabolic and molecular levels. Plant cell and tissue cultures coupled with analytical techniques such as histochemistry, autoradiography, physiology and biochemistry have proven to be extremely useful in studying morphogenesis. One of its important contribitions has been the unequivocal proof that phytohormones are essential for the process.

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