By Jorge F. S. Ferreira, Jules Janick (auth.), Professor Dr. Toshiyuki Nagata, Professor Dr. Yutaka Ebizuka (eds.)

Medicinal and fragrant crops XII comprises 18 chapters. It offers with the distribution, significance, traditional propagation, micropropagation, tissue tradition reports, and the in vitro construction of vital medicinal and pharmaceutical compounds within the following vegetation: Artemisiaannua, Coriandrum sativum, Crataegus, Dionaea muscipula,Hyoscyamus reticulatus, Hypericum canariense, Leguminosae, Malva,Ocimum, Pergulariatomentosa, Phellodendron amurense,Sempervivum, Solanumaculeatissimum, S. chrysotrichum, S. kasianum, Stephania,Trigonella, and Vaccinium. it's adapted to the desires of complex scholars, lecturers, and examine scientists within the fields of pharmacy, plant tissue tradition, phytochemistry, biomedical engineering, and plant biotechnology commonly.

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Extra resources for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants XII

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Moreover, the major therapeutically used flavonoids are ubiquitous molecules, rathe┬Ěr easy to extract, found in high yields in other plant sources (rutin, citroflavonoids, diosmin). Flowers and flowering tops are often used in herbal teas, especially in Europe, the fruits are used less often - except in the USA. The plant powder (dried or freeze-dried) as well as spray-dried extracts are commonly used in capsules sold as OTC or under medical prescription. The dried plant powder is an extraction product used for the manufacture of galenical forms (tincture, fluid or concentrated extract) or other standardized preparations used either alone or more frequently in complex pharmaceuticals.

P.. ~ ~ 8 ~ 0,1 I ~ rn 0 4 0 o 12 8 Total phenols 16 20 o II GPC ~ Q 24 Days oPC ~8 32 36 -- EI PPC 0 0,0 40 Growth Fig. 2. l 8 1; ~ 8 0,4 0,1 p.. o 0,2 o 4 8 o (-) epicatechin 12 16 ~ 82 dimer 20 24 Days 28 --e-- 32 36 40 Growlh Fig. 3. l ~ 1l p. 2 o o 4 8 Hyperosidc 12 16 20 24 Days II Chlorogcnic acid 28 32 Cl Aillhocyanins 36 40 -------- Growth Fig. 4. Hyperoside, chlorogenic acid, anthocyanin content (gil 00 g DW) and growth (g DW) of callus cultures phenolic acid detected, chlorogenic acid, had a peak production at day 24 (769 mgflOOg DW; Fig.

8. 57-fold time increase compared to control cultures (Table 3). After 20 days of culture, insignificant increases were observed in the presence of all concentrations used. 19-fold increase; Table 3). The production of B2 dimer varied after the 12th day with different shikimic acid concentrations (Fig. 8). Maximum production was in the presence of T. Bahomn et al. 4 ~ ~ 1l p.. 2 0,0 0 ]0 0 Hyperoside (12) 0 Chlorogenic acid ( 12) 0 Anthocyanins ( 12) Shikimrcoacid (mg/I; 100 250 Fa Hyperoside (20) t:i:'l Chlorogenic acid (20 ) r;a Anthocyanin (20) Fig.

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