By Vijay Paul Sharma, Harsh Wardhan

This booklet is helping readers comprehend the techniques of advertised and marketable surplus, in addition to the position of the govt and advertising and marketing companies, together with these within the inner most region, in bettering marketplace potency. It additionally examines the influence of assorted socioeconomic, technological, institutional, infrastructure, and value components at the advertised surplus of significant vegetation. whereas Indian agriculture has turn into more and more market-oriented and monetized, the significance of industry orientation of agriculture can also be being well-known on the overseas level. The percentage of agricultural construction that's advertised via farmers has elevated considerably over the past few many years in India: within the early Fifties, approximately 30–35 in keeping with cent of nutrients grains output used to be advertised, which has now elevated to greater than 70 consistent with cent. during this context, the advertised surplus is proportionately larger on the subject of advertisement vegetation than subsistence crops.

Recognizing its value, the govt of India initiated a nation-wide survey to estimate marketable surplus and post-harvest losses within the early Seventies, which endured as much as the overdue Nineteen Nineties. As Indian agriculture, has gone through major transformation, and no trustworthy estimates of advertised and marketable surplus can be found, the examine was once carried out to estimate the advertised and marketable surplus of significant nutrients plants in top generating states, and to envision very important elements which be sure the extent of advertised surplus for varied different types of farms.

the result of this research provide a invaluable source for designing powerful nutrition procurement, distribution and value guidelines. extra, they supply trustworthy estimates of family farm retention development for self-consumption, seed, feed, wages and different funds in type, that are used because the foundation for making plans infrastructure improvement of garage and distribution. This crucial info may also help policy-makers be certain how a lot advertised surplus is generated by means of different different types of farmers and the way marketable surplus could reply to adjustments in various financial and non-economic variables, letting them layout guidelines accordingly.

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0 – – – – – – Cropping Pattern The cropping pattern depends on a large number of factors such as climate, soil type, rainfall, availability of technology, irrigation facilities and other inputs, marketing, and transport facilities. 18). About 89% of the gross cropped area was under food-grains, mainly rice and wheat. Rice alone accounted for about 57% of the total cropped area of sample farms followed by wheat (32%). 73 Kharif rice accounted for about 83% of the total rice acreage while rabi accounted for about 17% of the area.

Therefore, marketed surplus may be more, less, or equal to the marketable surplus, depending upon the socioeconomic conditions of the farmer, type of the crop, access to market, etc. Since marketed surplus represents actual sale by farmers, the difference between marketable and marketed surplus can reveal several patterns of sale, purchase, and stockholding by various categories of farmers. If marketable surplus is higher than marketed surplus, it indicates that stocks are held by farmers who have better retention capacity in anticipation of fetching higher prices in future period or sometimes during emergencies (Acharya and Agarwal 2004).

Production of rice occurs in two main cropping seasons. 7%) in the production while rabi crop has a small share; there has not been much change in these shares during the last 2–3 decades. 5%), share of rabi rice is much higher than national average. 4. 6%). 5% of the total acreage in the country. Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Karnataka have consistently increased their share in rice acreage during the last three decades while Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal have marginally lost their share.

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