By Winifred Bauer
This e-book presents a uniquely complete linguistic description of Maori, the East Polynesian language of the indigenous humans of latest Zealand. this present day the language is lower than possibility and it kind of feels most likely that the Maori of the long run will vary relatively significantly from the Maori of the earlier. With few inflections Maori is quickly approached by means of linguists. It has an complex procedure for the expression of ownership, and whereas superficially an accusative language, it indicates a number of strains of ergativity. the realm of transitivity particularly offers a couple of fascinating theoretical difficulties and buildings strange open air the Polynesian kin. Winifred Bauer bargains a wide-ranging and particular description of the constitution of the language, masking syntax, morphology and phonology. it really is in accordance with written narrative texts and information elicited from older native-speaking experts, and likewise comprises many reviews on present alterations in utilization. This descriptive grammar, that is illustrated with a wealth of examples, should be of curiosity to either linguistic theoreticians and descriptive linguists, together with language typologists, and offers a source for the learn and resucitation of the Maori language. Winifred Bauer has been enthusiastic about linguistic learn into the Maori language for 20 years, and is at the moment an Honorary learn Fellow within the Linguistics division of the Victoria collage of Wellington, New Zealand.
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Extra resources for Maori (Descriptive Grammars)
Time questions, however, involve the fronting of the time phrase and optionally the subject, as well as substitution of the appropriate question word, question intonation, and the insertion of the particle ai following the verb. It will thus be seen that the rules for main clause questions apply also in the case of these subordinate clauses. Subjects can be questioned using the possessive-relative strategy which is reserved in main clauses for DOs, but this involves changing the sentential complement to a nonfinite form in some instances: (59) Ko wai taa Hata e moohio ana hei eq who sggen Hata T/A know T/A for(fut) aawhina i a taaua?
1 Person-number combinations in imperatives Imperatives using the above constructions are possible in first person inclusive dual and plural, and all numbers (ie. singular, dual and plural) of the second person. ’ Pronominal addressee forms and positions are somewhat complex in transitive imperatives. The only pronoun to precede is e koe (voc IIsg) (though non-pronouns are possible in this position). Following the verb is the normal position for pronominal addressees, and in this position, all take e.
The following tabulates this information. Three addressee slots are identified in the example sentence, and the possible forms for each slot are listed in the table underneath: ADDR 1, puuhi·a e ADDR 2 te manu, ADDR 3 ADDR 1 shoot·pass. ’ ADDR 1 ADDR 2 ADDR 3 E koe koe e koe *Koorua koorua *[(e) koorua] *Koutou koutou *[(e) koutou] *Taaua taaua *[(e) taaua] *Taatou taatou *[(e) taatou] The three slots identified are, of course, mutually exclusive. 2 Degrees of imperative Maori has what is usually described as a ‘weak imperative’ which uses the marker me ‘obligation’ in the T/A slot.